This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Individuation In J.D. Salinger’s Shoeless Joe And Shakespeare’s Hamlet

3104 words - 12 pages

One could speculate that the human condition is that of fragmentation, a dichotomy of the many aspects of personality that make us who we are. C.G. Jung, the founder of analytical psychology formulated a school of thought called junginism to explain this state of disunity. One theory from the Jungianism school of thought is the process of "individuation.” The process of individuation refers to the course in which an individual unifies and integrates all aspects of his/her personality. Individuation is clear in both the character “Ray Kinsella” from J.D. Salinger’s “Shoeless Joe” and the character Hamlet, from Shakespeare’s “The Tragedy of Hamlet the Prince of Denmark. Unlike Ray Kinsella, Hamlet was not able to reach individuation because of his melancholic depression and the dichotomy of his archetypes.

Firstly, Hamlets process of individuation is stunted because of his melancholic depression. Throughout the play there are several moments where the reader becomes aware of the harmful nature of Hamlets melancholic depression has on his process of individuation. One of the most famous soliloquies in history “too be or not too be” perfectly illustrates how Hamlet’s melancholic depression is to the detriment of his process of individuation. The first portion of the speech is Hamlet contemplating suicide, only to be dissuaded by the fact that it is a sin to end one’s own life “To be, or not to be? That is the question—Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, And, by opposing, end them? To die…ay, there’s the rub, For in that sleep of death what dreams may come” Hamlet is essentially contemplating the morality of suicide, but is worried that he will be sent to hell as suicide is a mortal sin . In reference to suicide, Carl Jung said “It isn’t possible to kill part of your ‘self’ unless you kill yourself first…If you kill yourself you abolish that will of the self to become real, but it may arrest your personal development inasmuch it is not explained. You ought to realise that suicide is murder, since after suicide there remains a corpse exactly as with any ordinary murder. Only it is yourself that has been killed.” (Jung, 1975, p.25) there are two very significant portions of Jung’s argument, firstly is that you can’t kill any one archetype unless the physical body is killed; and, “the goal of life is the realization of the self” which obviously cannot by achieved if one commits suicide. In a nutshell, Hamlet’s melancholy stunts his process of individuation as it creates a complete lack of will to live, and by extension, a lack of will to pursue the goal of life which is individuation. Furthermore Hamlet’s melancholy causes Hamlet to continually procrastinate, to the detriment of his process of individuation. Hamlet’s melancholy is nothing less than what doctors diagnose as clinical depression, of which procrastination is a major symptom. Dr. Piers Steel,...

Find Another Essay On Individuation in J.D. Salinger’s Shoeless Joe and Shakespeare’s Hamlet

J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye: Accepting Responsibility

843 words - 4 pages .   Works Cited Salinger, J.D. The Catcher in the Rye. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1951. Print. 12 March 2014. Sandock, Mollie. "The Catcher in the Rye: Overview." Reference Guide to American Literature. Ed. Jim Kamp. 3rd ed. Detroit: St. James Press, 1994. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. =2.1&u=avlr&it=r&p=LitRG&sw=w&asid=b3f0341dcebdc63d26de6b40db210a30 Svogun, Margaret Dumais. "Salinger's 'The Catcher in the Rye.'(J. D. Salinger)(Critical Essay)." The Explicator 61.2 (2003): 110+. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 10 Jan. 2014.

J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye: Emotional Damage

834 words - 3 pages , Bruce. "Holden at Sixteen." Horn Book Magazine 80.3 (2004): 353-357. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Jeffrey W. Hunter. Vol. 243. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. Privitera, Lisa. "Holden's irony in J. D. Salinger's the Catcher in the Rye." The Explicator 66.4 (2008): 203+. Literature Resources from Gale. Web. 10 Jan. 2014.1 Salinger, J.D. The Catcher in the Rye. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1951. Print. 12 March 2014.

Women in Shakespeare’s Hamlet

768 words - 3 pages Women in Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet” Throughout Shakespeare’s play “Hamlet” women are used as method for men to get what they want. The men in Hamlet, either directly or indirectly continuously use women to acquire something from other men. The only two women in the entire play are Gertrude and Ophelia, who are consistently used by the current king, Claudius, Polonius, and Hamlet. Ophelia is exploited by Polonius and the King (mainly together

Women in Shakespeare’s Hamlet

1163 words - 5 pages Women in Shakespeare’s Hamlet Hamlet is one of Shakespeare’s most famous plays. In this essay I will look at Hamlets perception of women in general but particularly Gertrude and Ophelia. I will also look at the historical presentation of women, comparing Hamlets time to today and seeing if the symbolic role that the females characters have is related to the period. Also I will look at Hamlets madness, whether it was real or not and also

This essay is about how the theme of believing in dreams, is central to the novel Shoeless Joe and applies to three main characters

859 words - 3 pages Shoeless JoeDreams do come true! The theme of dreaming and never giving up on your dreams is central to Shoeless Joe and is shown in J.D Salinger, Eddie Scissons, and Ray Kinsella. All three of these characters have a dream of some sort. Each one of their dreams somehow relates to baseball. Because they keep their dreams in mind and never give up hope, their dreams come true in this novel. For each of the three previously mentioned characters

Vengeance in Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights

2467 words - 10 pages Vengeance in Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights Love, betrayal and revenge play leading roles in both Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Emily Bronte’s “Wuthering Heights.” Both works feature doomed relationships, a ghostly haunting, and death. The court at Elsinore, despite its luxurious setting, almost mirrors the seclusion of the Yorkshire moors of Wuthering Heights — making both settings almost prison like. But, it is not

Psychological Estrangement in Shakespeare’s Hamlet

1563 words - 6 pages Psychological Estrangement in Shakespeare’s "Hamlet" In Shakespeare’s "Hamlet", the main character, Hamlet, is burdened with attaining revenge on his murdered father’s behalf from the king of Denmark, King Claudius. In attempting to kill Claudius, Hamlet risks enduring estrangement occurring within himself at multiple psychological levels. The levels of estrangement that risk Hamlet’s psychological sense of identity are religious estrangement

Betrayal in Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Hamlet, and Julius Caesar

1874 words - 8 pages "Et tu – Brute?" “Yet each man kills the thing he loves By each let this be heard,Some do it with a bitter look,Some with a flattering word,The coward does it with a kiss,The brave man with a sword,” by Oscar Wilde. In the tragedies of Shakespeare we encounter betrayal upon his plays and how it leads to catastrophic consequences. In this case Macbeth, hamlet and Julius Caesar are no exceptions. In the Shakespearean tragedies Macbeth Hamlet, and

Polonius in William Shakespeare’s, Hamlet

666 words - 3 pages In William Shakespeare’s, Hamlet, the author brings to life, a story of revenge, betrayal, love, hate and friendship. Polonius, although seen as a conniving old man, deeply loves his children. Polonius is constantly giving his children the sound advice that we would give our own children. He is only looking out for the best interest of his children, although not always seen that way. He is viewed as the bad guy, only because Hamlet is the good

Losing a Loved One in Shoeless Joe Jackson by W.D. Kinsella

1847 words - 8 pages Sometimes the biggest tragedy in someone's life is loosing a loved one. The tragedy of this event can be amplified if you're last words are bad or if there is something you forgot to tell them or meant to tell them. There are many book's that are write about this theme, for example In the book "Shoeless Joe Jackson" by W.P. Kinsella, the main character Ray Kinsella is trying desperately to reconnect with his dead father and is willing to put

Comparing Frances Zefferilli’s Hamlet and Shakespeare’s Hamlet

514 words - 2 pages Comparing Frances Zefferilli’s Hamlet and Shakespeare’s Hamlet I believe Frances Zefferilli’s version of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, made in 1990, is one of the best versions of the play to be put onto screen. The film, starring Mel Gibson as Hamlet, and Glen Close as Queen Gertrude, takes a different look to the play. Zefferilli explores the physiological stability of Hamlet very well, especially in Act 3, Scene 4. My interpretation of that

Similar Essays

Character Analysis In Shoeless Joe Jackson

2110 words - 8 pages guilty of throwing the World Series which was the biggest sports tragedy to date. Tragedies are not uncommon phenomena, Ray Kinsella and Shoeless Joe Jackson have the unfortunate luck to go through a struggle fulfilled and uphill battle in what is suppose to be a wonderful thing, life. Ray Kinsella is a hopeless dreamer and when he hears the voice of an announcer he goes to make a baseball field in his yard. He and his family are already short on

Emotional Damage, Hidden Truths, And Accepting Responsibility In J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher In The Rye

2665 words - 11 pages Emotional Damage, Hidden Truths, and Accepting Responsibility in J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye When one finds themselves in a reader’s position, they search for things in the novel that they can relate to. J. D. Salinger wrote a story that contained countless topics that people, past, present and future, can relate to in several ways. The novel follows the story of a troubled boy named Holden who leaves school due to his poor academic

Materialism In "Fifth Business" By Robertson Davies And "Shoeless Joe" By W.P. Kinsella

1287 words - 5 pages Life embodies those whose dreams are involve success. For this definition in Shoeless Joe, by W.P. Kinsella, Ray lives a fulfilled existence by following his dreams and pursuing the idealistic path. He helps others fulfill their meaning of life by traveling miles to find them and to bring them back to his field of dreams. He risks his fortune to do so, ultimately being successful. On the other hand, in the novel "Fifth Business", by Robertson

Controversial American Literature, J.D. Salinger’s Catcher In The Rye

1304 words - 6 pages One of the most controversial American Literature books, J.D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye, went into full turbulence and had all the attention of critics everywhere during its release in 1951. Holden Caulfield, a New York City teenager in the 1950’s with manic-depression is the protagonist, is a protagonist unlike any other in coming-of-age novels. What most critics don’t realize is that his actions are exactly those of a depressed teenager