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Indonesia: A Profile Essay

1850 words - 7 pages

The countries that belong to the developing regions of the world have been confronted with a number of distinctive challenges within such a globalized economy, while their respective financial as well as their trade links have been closely tangled with those of powerful, developed countries in which it governed the international economic institutions. This paper outlined the key elements of the post-World War II development model of Indonesia. At the same time, there will be identification of the major changes as well as to the key theoretical influences.

Illustrating on a broad variety of this study, it researches about the developments in the world economy. With the elements to be mentioned, such strategies contribute to the adaptation of models from the rich countries to the developing countries. That is for the purpose of developing the most efficient in a global market-oriented economy. In the political and economic aspects of Indonesia, as how it can maximize its chances for success, and what exactly is the role of international financial and trade institutions in its development.

Most importantly, in order to attain the purpose of this paper, it includes theoretical views, and other related issues in relation to this subject. Furthermore, to cover the occurrence of the post-World War II as well as the comparison of some political issues pertaining to the development model applied, specifically in Indonesia. On the other hand, as to how all these affect to the development of the country and to their economic condition as a whole.

The Key Elements of the Post-World War II in Indonesia and
Changes and the Key Theoretical Influences

The National Revolution of Indonesian
Not like the Philippines and Burma, Indonesia was not granted the so-called ‘formal independence’ way back 1943 by the Japanese. That by November 1943, none of the Indonesian representative was being sent to the Greater East Asia Conference (GAC) held in Tokyo. However, as the war became more distracted, it was in September 1944 that Japan had announced regarding, not only Java but the whole archipelago would become self-governing body. In fact, with this announcement, it had been made as an evidence of the ostensibly two-way policies of Sukarno and Hatta.

With the presidency of Sukarno, had the unifying struggle in order to just secure the Indonesia's independence; and that was the reason behind that the divisions of the society in Indonesian began to appear with the incorporation of regional differences in terms of customs, religion, the impact of Christianity and Marxism, and fears of the domination of Javanese political. To follow the colonial rule, Japanese occupation as well as the war against the Dutch, the new Indonesia actually suffered from severe poverty, a disastrous economy, low educational and skills levels, and obtained the authoritarian traditions. In addition, the challenges to the authority of the Republic were consisted of the...

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