This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Indonesian Democracy And Islam: Midterm Essay

994 words - 4 pages

Despite Huntington’s view in the failure of the democratic experiment in Islamic countries, Indonesia has proven to be the contradiction that has successfully proven the compatibility of Islam with democracy. After the fall of Suharto, moderate Muslims substantially contributed towards the progress of democratic consolidation over the past decade through the rise of cultural Islam. Furthermore, having not attained the majority of votes in three periods of fair elections in Indonesia (i.e., elections in 1999, 2004, and 2009), it has become clear that there has been a decreased preference of political Islam and a strengthened support for a secular state. As such, in order to explain the ...view middle of the document...

e., 1 = best, 7 = worst), Indonesia today is considered a “Free” State and has acquired a political rights scale level of two. As indicated by Freedom House, “Partly Free” is the beginning developments of a democracy, while “Free” indicates that democracy has been established and is developing. Today, it is evident that democracy has been successfully established in Indonesia and is growing stronger by the year, as depicted by the change in the political rights scale, one of four indicators of the formation of democracy.
In addition, political Islam began to diminish in the late 1970s under the New Order. This political position of Islam neglected the cultural elements of Islam and therefore brought forward both political and social cleavages in Muslim communities. This resulted in the development of a new movement among younger Muslims. With the repression of political Islam, a new model of rethinking the connection between Islam and the state was conceptualized. By bringing about the formation of new democratic values such as human rights and pluralism, the depreciation of political Islam brought forward the development of a new movement – cultural Islam. This concept of rethinking Islam worked in hand with reconsidering the challenges of the idea of modernity. This new movement of cultural Islam helped contribute to the democratization of Indonesia by helping to secularize the political system. Further, cultural Islam also brought forward the acceptance of Pancasila as a suitable political system in Indonesia. It helped influence political figures that a secular state is the most adequate political system, without which such a diverse society could not exist. Through the reconstruction of politics with cultural Islam, it formulated that no single entity of a state exists within Islamic tradition, as no individual political party could assert complete representation of all Islamic ambitions; therefore, cultural Islam instigated the development of a more secularized state.
Moreover, political cleavages have resulted in moderate Muslims maintaining power in Indonesia as seen in our in-class analysis of the last three democratic elections. Rooted in the colonial days of Dutch control, Indonesia’s lack of a...

Find Another Essay On Indonesian Democracy and Islam: Midterm Essay

Islam, Judaism and Christianity Coexist Essay

848 words - 4 pages , Christian and Jewish peoples peacefully coexist together in a diverse society? Although the Islam, Judaism, and Christian religions are all Abrahamic based and very similar, they cannot really coexist together in a diverse society because of their ideas of praying, lifestyle beliefs and saviors/holy books. They have different lifestyle beliefs such as beliefs of praying, eating, and social limitations which restrict the fact that they

From Communism to Democracy: This essay is about the advancment from Communism to Democracy in China and Russia

898 words - 4 pages their new freedoms are creating political chaos. The Russian citizens don't have time to savor their new freedoms and are just trying to grab them from left and right. For they are probably afraid that if they don't take their freedoms quickly, they will leave as quickly as they came. On the other hand, China refuses to allow their citizens run the nation. Instead they are continuing to shun democracy. They refuse to have democratic elections, pro

Three Giants - An essay describing the contrast between christianity, islam and judiasm, and their common origins

550 words - 2 pages Religion has always played an important part in people's lives. Since the dawn of time man has searched for his purpose in this cosmic inkblot. In modern day, three religions, Christianity, Judaism and Islam, dominate the whole of the masses. All three find their founding in the same people and ideals, yet all three are very different from the other two.Judaism, Christianity and Islam are all monotheistic religions which evolved out of early

An essay about individuality, liberty and equality in the context of "Looking Backward: 2000-1887" by Edward Bellamy and Alexis de Tocqueville's, "Democracy in America"

3949 words - 16 pages Is there an inherent contradiction between a strong desire for individuality and one of community? Can a society function with equal emphasis on liberty and equality? These are two questions which arose while examining Edward Bellamy's, Looking Backward, and Alexis de Tocqueville's, Democracy in America. In Looking Backward, Julian West serves as the narrator taking the reader on a journey in which he finds himself in a unique position to study

this essay is about blasphemy in pakistan it is a law by which anyone can be punished who tries to insult islam , god and the prophet in any manner

1546 words - 6 pages favour into the bargain, when they are pressing charges under this law. This is zeal sanctioned by law and clothed in self-righteousness.I draw no analogies but consider also the case of the sectarian terrorist, he who murders in the name of Islam. Far from feeling any remorse for his actions, he glories in them because he is convinced that when he kills an 'infidel' he has struck a blow for the faith and has thereby earned for himself a place

Given that 88% of Indonesians are Muslim, why is political Islam not dominant?

1157 words - 5 pages In answering the above question, there are two major themes that come to mind: the role of the state government, and the role of the Indonesian Muslim community.From the period of the Guided Democracy under Sukarno, and following that, Suharto's New Order, Islamic parties have been subjected to repression and manipulation by the state for over forty years. During the period of the New Order, the government was especially hostile towards the

Sukarno Biography

615 words - 3 pages tribulations, Japanese commander Marshal Terauchi summoned Indonesian leaders to meet and instructed them to proclaim independence. Sukarno was cautious, but on August 17, 1945, he and Mohammad Hatta declared independence. He produced a constitution for the new nation in which it had elements of Marxism, nationalism, and Islam. Unfortunately, it caused pandemonium (chaos) in the Indonesian parliament and became unfeasible. This resulted in

Attention has been focused on the emergence of radical groups associated with Islam in Indonesia. Discuss if this is a new phenomenon in Indonesia

2384 words - 10 pages : 1005). Indonesian Muslims became politicised with its Ulama given military and political training by the Japanese. Muslim organisations were grouped together under a Japanese created umbrella known as Majelis Syura Muslimin Indonesia (Masyumi) which was later to become a powerful political party in the war for independence and most possibly the first wave of radical Islam in Indonesia (Bruinessen 2002).When the Japanese surrendered in 1945, young

the changes of phonetic and function of Indonesian borrowing words

791 words - 4 pages THE CHANGES OF INDONESIAN BORROWING WORDS I. Introduction This essay will discuss about the changes of phonetic and functions of Indonesian Borrowing words (Loan-word) that is taken from English. Loan-word is the adopting of the words from different languages (Yule, 2006: 54). Besides, borrowing is the most useful way to create a new word. A language borrows words from another language to fill a “lexical gap” (Takeshi, 1990: 330). Indonesian in

Political Islam in Indonesia

1998 words - 8 pages Impact of New-Modernism on Indonesian Islamic Thought: The emergence of a New Pluralism', in David Bourchier and John Legge (eds), Democracy in Indonesia: 1950s and 1990s, Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, Clayton, 1990, pp. 143-50.Beswedan, Anies Rasyid, 'Political Islam in Indonesia: Present and Future Trends', Asian Survey, Vol. 44, No. 5, September-October 2004, 669-690.Djaelani, Abdul Qadir, Negara Ideal Mengikut Konsepsi

Explain why voter turnout has been declining in the past half of the century and why voter turnout in presidential years is higher than that in midterm elections

932 words - 4 pages midterm election voter turnout was caused by what I call the "media effect", which is explained in the essay, and also Kernell's theory.One of the main factors of federal vote turnout decline is the negative public attitudes toward the performance of the politicians and political institutions involved in federal politics. The objects of perceived public displeasure run the complete gamut of personnel and institutions, but when asked, people most

Similar Essays

Islam And Democracy Essay

2512 words - 10 pages , some aspect of Islam that makes it inherently hostile and incompatible with Western notions of democratic rule? This is the question which John Esposito and John Voll have tried to examine in their book Islam and Democracy. Published in 1996, this book explores the different ways in which Islam relates to democratic principles and ideas. Arguing against previously held explanations about the nature of Islam and the very definition of democracy

Islam And Democracy: Mutually Exclusive? Essay

3548 words - 14 pages the democratic deficit in the Muslim world. Theories have been offered ranging from Islam and democracy being diametrically opposed, all the way to Islam considering democracy, or democratic principles, as essential. Lurking in the midst of these two extreme theories are the more moderate and demonstrable theories. Extreme viewpoints fail to accurately assess and address the true situation. A more accurate theory is that which perceives

Analyse The Complex Relationship Between Islam And Liberal Democracy

2410 words - 10 pages , although it is strongly argued by the majority that Islam and democracy can co-exist and allow the societies to prosper. This essay will try to analyze the complex relationship between Islam and democracy. The essay will identify trends within Islam that can be related towards democratic governance, as well as trends that underline Islam's irreconcilability with the liberal values of democracy. Also, some of the views of the Islamic

This Essay Is About The Political Framework Of Islam. It Talks About The Basic Principles And Happenings In Islam's Government

572 words - 2 pages prescribed, he is required to exercise Divine authority. The state that is established in accordance with this political theory will in fact be a caliphate under the sovereignty of Allah. Every individual in an Islamic society enjoys the rights and powers of the caliphate of Allah and in this respect all individuals are equal. In Western democracy, the people are sovereign; in Islam sovereignty is vested in Allah and the people are His caliphs or