This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Indus Valley Civilization Shoumit Mukhopadhaya Essay

642 words - 3 pages

Indus Valley civilization was one of the world's first great civilizations. The civilization began to flourish about 4,500 years ago and was centred in the vast river plains of what are now Pakistan and northwestern India. This civilization is sometimes called the Harappan civilization. It is named after the Pakistani town of Harappa, where archaeologists first discovered evidence of the culture.The Indus civilization developed out of farming and herding communities that carried on trade with each other. About 2500 B.C., the communities became more unified culturally, and in some places people began laying out carefully planned cities. In time, the Indus civilization grew to cover most of present-day Pakistan and parts of what are now Afghanistan and northern India. The heart of the civilization was the vast flood plain of the Indus and Hakra rivers. The Hakra River (also known as the Ghaggar River or Sarasvati River) is now dried up. It once flowed east of--and parallel to--the Indus River, in what are now India and Pakistan. The civilization developed a standardized system of weights and measures and a system of writing that used pictographs (simple drawings representing words).In the early 1800's, British scholars learned that people had found ancient artefacts buried in huge earthen mounds in the region. But it was not until the 1920's that archaeologists began excavating these sites and realized that they contained the remains of cities from a previously unknown civilization. Hundreds of Indus sites have been found.The Indus people planned their cities carefully. They built many of their buildings on mud-brick platforms that protected the buildings from seasonal floods. Houses were made of baked or sun-dried brick. Many houses had two storeys. Most homes had a bathing area that was supplied with water from a nearby public well or from a well in the courtyard of the house. In larger communities, each house was connected to an elaborate city-wide drainage system. Other structures include large buildings that...

Find Another Essay On Indus Valley Civilization Shoumit Mukhopadhaya

The Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were...

1732 words - 7 pages Culture in the Indus Valley CivilizationThe Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were first established. Unlike the other civilizations the Indus Valley Civilization declined and disappeared around 1500 BC. The Indus Valley was located on the subcontinent of Asia or modern day Pakistan, great

Effects Of Ancient Civilization's Achievments On The Modern World

469 words - 2 pages pyramids, Mesopotamians invented the plow and people in the Indus river valley installed pluming systems. Those Ancient people might have known that these things would effect there civilization, but they probably didn't know that they would impact future societies. Society benefits today because of yesterdays achievements

What are the first few civilizations? If so, why is

545 words - 2 pages civilization. Finally, the last civilization to talk about-the Indus Valley. The Indus Valley possessed impressive technological capabilities like irrigation. So, due to the fact that its people have the technology of irrigation, they definitely have agriculture, and thus, they are civilized. Speaking of technology advances, by means of societies, they also advanced in trading to the east and west. This advantage is also a characteristic of what we

Ancient Civilizations

642 words - 3 pages It is no coincidence that the three most advanced early civilizations are all situated in a river valley were rainfall is sufficient for agriculture. Dependable agriculture is a key element in the development of civilization, but differences in the environment and location of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus river valley led to differences in technology, religion, and political organization. Technology plays an important role in the

Climate Change in India

1330 words - 5 pages , bringing the Indus valley civilizations to their demise. From the climatic information that we have, it seems as if this drought continued for over 1,000 years. As future civilizations conquered this area, it has been concluded from remaining documentation that the Indus valley never again hosted the same amount of water as it did prior to 1700 B.C. The Aryans were the next civilization to develop the region. From the records of this

Early African Societies

929 words - 4 pages river valleys. The rise of early cities, such as those of the Nile valley, Indus valley, and Mesopotamian valley has developed innovative ways of urbanization. Through early forms of writing, art, architecture, and technology researchers have been able to find numerous amounts of information about these river valley communities. Some scholars indicate that the Nile and Indus valley derived from the Mesopotamian, others believe that the Nile and Indus

Comparative Study On Harappan Civilization And Mesopotamia Civilization

1083 words - 5 pages Essay on Harappa CivilizationArchaeological Discovery of HarappaArchaeological investigations had been conducted in the third decade of the present century at Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa situated in the Montgomery district of the Punjab, and the Larkana, situated in Sind.Indus CivilisationThe civilisation at Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa, Nal and Kulli grew up in the valley of the river Indus and that is why it is referred to as the "Indus Civilization

China - The World's Greatest Civilization

563 words - 2 pages After the rise of agriculture in the Neolithic era, four major civilizations developed in different parts of the world. They existed in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus Valley and China. The ones that endured the longest to a lesser degree was Egypt, but to a much larger degree, China, which kept its civilization in existence straight into the modern era. This was due to their agriculture, united government, military defense, writing system and ability

Comparison and contrast of Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley

1508 words - 6 pages Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley civilizations have long been compared throughout history and were both some of the earliest civilizations in the world. Mesopotamia, also known as, 'the land between the rivers,' was named for the triangular area between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. This area has been extended and now covers modern day Iraq, adding ancient Assyria and Babylonia to that land. The Indus civilization is often referred to as

Art of India before 1200

483 words - 2 pages The earliest civilization of south Asia was located in the Indus Valley. The civilization was progressing and had advanced concepts and techniques. The culture suddenly vanished with little explanation. Some believe that there was an abrupt climatic change or attacks from surrounding areas. Since so little is known about the Indus Valley inhabitants, their artwork is an insight to their way of life.One of the most extraordinary portrayals of a

Harappan Civilization

1240 words - 5 pages The Harappan civilization, which emerged in 3300 B.C.E, is, for a variety of reasons, one of the most intriguing civilizations that have ever existed. It stretched along the Indus River Valley, from Pakistan to Afghanistan. This civilization, which was made up of a large number of small communities, was technologically very advanced, and, indeed, included many of the features of the society that we have today. The Harappans were one of the

Similar Essays

Indus Valley Civilization And Modern India

1537 words - 6 pages The Indus Valley Civilization was one of the first civilizations in the world. It was located in the southwest part of present day India along the Indus River. This civilization started around 2500 BC the same time as the Mesopotamia's, Egyptians, and the Chinese. The area known as Mesopotamia was thought to be the origin of humanity, but now we think that the Indus Valley people were just as old.The people of the Indus Valley Civilization were

The Mysteries Of The Indus Valley Civilization

1755 words - 7 pages The Mysteries Of The Indus Valley Civilization 4,500 years ago in a lush, green valley in the Far East, an ancient civilization was in the midst of creation. The year was 2500 BC; the age of discovery, rulers, and conquest, and no one could have predicted what would become of the little town on the banks of the Indus River over the coming one thousand years. This little town would flourish and become a giant empire, the Indus Valley

Culture In The Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization Was The First Civilization To Develop In South Asia. This Civilization Developed Around 2500 Bc,

1953 words - 8 pages Untitled Culture in the Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was the first civilization to develop in South Asia. This civilization developed around 2500 BC, similar to when the civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China were first established. Unlike the other civilizations the Indus Valley Civilization declined and disappeared around 1500 BC. The Indus Valley was located on the subcontinent of Asia or modern

A Global Perspective Of The Ancient World: A Comparison Of The Indus Valley Civilization To Modern Western Civilization. International Baccalaureate

2741 words - 11 pages middle class population increased and their income and consumption of goods matched that of the upper class further markers were needed to differentiate the classes. Brand names in clothes and cars and number and kind of vacations were used confer status and powerAccording to Ronald Wright, "civilizations rise because they find new ways to exploit natural and human resources…" The Indus valley civilization thrived as a result of their