Industralized Versus Non Industralized Societies Essay

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Industrialized Versus Non-Industrialized societiesCheryl JarmonAnthropology 101Curtis ArmourJuly 27, 2007Industrialized Versus Non-industrialized SocietiesThe definition of success varies between cultures and individuals, depending on their goals in life. A prime example of this differentiation exists between members of industrialized and unindustrialized societies, due to the great variation in their member's day to day lives and value systems. Many of these differences become apparent when one examines the daily existence of the individual for example, the acquisition of basic food and shelter.Britannica Encyclopedia defines industrialization as "the process of converting to a socioeconomic order in which industry is dominant." Industrialization can be traced back in England during the early part of the 18th century. Reasons for such include the development of surplus capital because of the industrial revolution, cottage industry, established commercial industry in England, the need for alternative material in the textile industry. Their industrialization pursuits sought to solve certain problems in the textile industry, energy, and transportation.Advantages of industrial revolution include higher GNP, higher rate of urbanization, less infant mortality, increased number of high school graduates, more telephone usage, higher output in steel production, various benefits to consumers, stockholders and laborers, and the opportunity for big businessmen to get involved in philanthropy.Disadvantages, on the other hand are child labor, necessity to protect wage-workers, and meager living conditions. Aristotle observed the differences he saw in cultures of people residing in industrialized societies to those of non-industrialized societies he said the differences in cultures can be noted in different levels such as family cultures, company cultures and functional cultures.In a non-industrialized society, members frequently reside in close-knit communities. This is often the case due to the daily pressures of substance living; that is, growing one's own food supplies and maintaining living quarters. Non-industrialized societies typically require a greater amount of manual labor input to sustain them and in that light of the majority of its people will spend most of their time farming and raising animals for food. Such work is typically done more efficiently when efforts between individuals are coordinated, therefore encouraging group cooperation. An individual in such a society would likely deem themselves successful if they succeeded in furthering this group dynamic they would be a successful farmer and an active member of their community.Industrialized societies however, place far less emphasis on the community and more on the individual. Members gain the benefit of greater automation in their everyday lives, and therefore can spend less effort in acquiring basic living needs, and can focus more of their time on more complex activities...

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