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Industrial Essay

681 words - 3 pages

Although there are many different thoughts on when the Industrial Revolution took place and the time span of it, but there were two distinct and different eras which took place. This paper will discuss Britain’s First Industrial Revolution and the Second Industrial Revolution by comparing and contrasting the two distinctly different eras.
England was the starting place of the First Industrial Revolution which started in approximately 1733 when the demand for cotton cloth was in high demand but the production was low by inventor John Kay, a British weaver who pioneered the “flying shuttle, which cut weaving time in half” . Many inventions over the following years were destroyed because people did not embrace this new type of progress but by 1750 the First Industrial Revolution began although strictly limited to cotton weaving machines. The spinning jenny, water powered frame were machines designed to spin yarn faster and helped speed up the manufacturing of cotton goods. Through mass production the once highly expensive items such as “shoes were made more affordable” . By the 1800, other forms of inventions took center stage and brought Britain into the new century with the invention of the steam engine. Cities expanded and moved away from the rivers and the use of animal labor was declining. With these early inventions came factories, growth, and expansion which paved the way for the Second Industrial Revolution to emerge in 1820.
The Second Industrial Revolution was in full swing in 1820 and brought the world not only dramatic and drastic inventions, but also opened the door for governmental reform and policy changes. The arts flourished giving way to new styles and unique thought processes. From 1820 to 1914 the Second Industrial Revolution brought new life to England and subsequently the world by utilizing British Scientist, Michael Faraday’s, invention of electric current. Once a candle lit world now had electricity to supply light to homes and “electricity to power machines. Electricity improved life by supplying people with light and electricity to power the new machines which were being...

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