This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Industrial Relations Between The Union, State, Miners, And Police

2157 words - 9 pages

During the 1980s, Trade Unions encountered significant challenges and losses, this occurred against a backdrop of rapid expansion and influence. Before the 1979 conservative election victory it was distinctively voluntarist, with minor legislative intervention. (Gallie et al, 1996).Two strikes in particular, the miners’ strike and the News International industrial dispute changed the face of Industrial Relations in the UK. The conduct and outcome of the disputes led to significant changes with regards to the role of the state, the role of employers and the power of the unions in contemporary Industrial relations. This essay will critically evaluate the conduct of the unions, the state, the miners and the police, it will consider the changing role of the state and the police towards industrial action and the effect the conduct and outcome of the strike has had on present day industrial relations.
Before the 1984 miners’ strike, the NUM was in a very strong powerful position, having defeated the government in 1972 and 1974 over wage levels. However unlike 1984, the miners voted overwhelmingly to back the union and strike, thus causing severe disruption as the UK was heavily dependent on coal at that time. Certainly, it was believed that these defeats contributed to the downfall of the previous conservative government in 1974. (Richards, 1996), since the Government had to call a state of emergency, the strikers remained united and not a single miner broke either strike. Consequently in 1974 the Government called the general election and famously asked “who governs Britain “the government or the miners? (Beynon)
The 1984 strike, in comparison was a fight to save jobs and mining communities, the conservative government had regained power in 1979 and were determined to challenge the power of the NUM and defeat the miners.(Beynon,1985).)Indeed, such was their determination to redress the power balance, they planned meticulously for the next dispute even before they were re-elected, by commissioning The Ridley Report. This set out the strategies for success, such as fighting and winning the smaller industrial battles first, stockpiling vast quantities of coal to use in the event of a prolonged strike and converting coal powered stations to oil. (Winterton & Winterton, 1989).
Compared to the united front shown in 1972 and 1974, in 1984 there were splits in the NUM about whether a national ballot should even be held. In the event a national ballot was not called, this set the scene for divisions and bitterness as pits such as Nottinghamshire and Lancashire refused to strike in the absence of the national ballot. (Becket & Hencke, 2009).Undoubtedly the decision not to hold a national ballot provided ammunition for the government to attack the union and query the authority of the strike whilst portraying the NUM as being anti-democratic. (Beynon,1985).Whether holding a national ballot would have affected the outcome of the strike cannot be answered, however...

Find Another Essay On Industrial Relations Between the Union, State, Miners, and Police

The Nazi Police State Essay

6186 words - 25 pages The Nazi Police State The Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei) was Hitler's secret state police. Under the command of Reinhardt Heydrich, they were employed to identify and bringing justice upon known and potential opponents of the Nazi regime. Heydrich was the right-hand-man to Heinrich Himmler, the chief of German Police and leader of the SS and there were strong rivalries between the two. This was endorsed by Hitler as he

Performance Management and Industrial Relations Essay

2034 words - 8 pages been split into four intervals of industrial relations development and the precursors to performance management, if any, in those points of time have been studied.Evolution of Industrial Relations in India and Impact on Performance ManagementIn the 1960sThis period in Indian history was marked by the rise of national capitalism which was typified by a state supported industrialization policy that led to acute unemployment from preference towards

The Relations between Science and Religion

1985 words - 8 pages The relations between science and religion. Humans are servant of God who descended to earth as its inhabitants. Humans are creatures of God are given the advantage of reasonable than other creatures. With that human minds can do more than any other creature. At the beginning of its creation, only human beings who do not know anything and therefore people need a hint for his life. Humans need a guideline in order to survive life in the

Relations Between the Soviets and Germans

622 words - 3 pages Relations between the Soviets and Germans started off with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact signed by both sides prior to the invasion of Poland. Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, the supreme leaders of their respective countries in terms of military command, both agreed that a non-aggression pact would benefit both countries. However, on 22 June 1941, the Germans launched Operation Barbarossa, a massive frontal assault on the USSR

Relations Between the United States and China

924 words - 4 pages relations characteristics after the cold war to a large degree. Since the cold war ends, the relationship between China and the US averts to such matters as Taiwan issues, Hong Kong, Tibet, South China Sea and so on. The Twain issue has always been a core, critical and primary one in the relationship between China and the US, which is also a strategic one sine the cold war. And this issue lasts to the 21st century. Among all kinds of problems on the

Relations between Mexico and The United States

2085 words - 8 pages Relations between Mexico and The United States “Poor Mexico, so far from God, and so close to the United States.” -Pofirio Diaz Mexico is one of the most populated and industrialized of the third world nations, yet it remains very impoverished in comparison to it’s northern neighbor. Recently Mexico has been the third largest trading partner of the United States, has become an important exporter of petroleum and plays a

Bush's State Of The Union

871 words - 3 pages Bush's State of the Union Address on January 29 sounded suspiciously like it was written in the 1950's. Bush seemed to re-phrase McCarthy-ite musings about good and evil. He attempted to draw a picture of the world in black and white - good and evil - when the world has never been that simple. Bush pointed fingers at "rogue" nations whose practiced injustices are quite similar to those carried out in the United States. Not only did Bush over

State of the Union Analysis

770 words - 3 pages After reading President Barack Obama’s State of the Union address, I felt that he showed a great amount of optimism for the changes he has proposed for the upcoming year. I found it interesting that the speech began stressing the importance of success throughout United States history. He noted that the many trials and hardships we have faced and continue to face as Americans test the overall success of the United States. His speech primarily

The Relationship between Church and State

1573 words - 7 pages Question #2 Separation of the church and state is not a new concept. Within the past two thousand years of Christian history however the strategies and ideas of Christian leaders have changed several times. During the time that Christ walked the earth we can anecdotally perceive a very adversarial relationship between Jesus’ ministry and the local Jewish and Roman governments. This type of relationship continued for the first three centuries of

The Alliance Between China and the Soviet Union

1594 words - 6 pages securing the nascent republic. This essay will examine the multifarious factors that influenced the Soviet alliance, including relations between the PRC, United States (US) and Soviet Union in addition to PRC foreign policy and its strategic objectives. Historical conceptions of China’s culture and global position shaped the PRC’s perspective. Central to this is Sino-centrism and its edict from heaven for dynastic China to spread civilisation

The Relationship Between State and Church

1025 words - 4 pages Every person has the human right to engage in worship during public forums. Thus every person has the right to pray in school. When prayer was still allowed in school crime was at a low rate. Basically there was less crime everywhere. We consider the good ole' days when basic morals were taught at home. When the difference between right and wrong was enforced. When family and religion was considered the most valuable and precious things to have

Similar Essays

The Role Of The State In Employment Relations: A Comparative Analysis On Of China’s And Japan’s Industrial Relations Frameworks

2090 words - 9 pages , viewed on 03 April 2014, . Chang, C. & Bain, T. (2004). “Employment relations across the Taiwan strait: globalization and state corporatism.” Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 99-115, viewed on 03 April 2014, . Cooney, S., Gahan, P., & Mitchell, R. (2010

State Of The Union Essay

780 words - 4 pages President Barack Obama delivered his sixth State of the Union Address on Tuesday, January 28, 2014, at approximately 9:00PM EST in the United State Capital Building in Washington, D.C. According to tradition, he delivered it to a joint session of Congress that included all Republican and Democrat members of the Senate and the House of Representatives. In the audience included his wife First Lady Michelle Obama, the United States Supreme Court

State Of The Union Essay

1044 words - 4 pages The State of the UnionOn February 2, 2005 our president George W. Bush gave the state of the Union address. In Bush's speech he stated that, we must be," good stewards of our economy, immigration, Social Security, free society and terrorism." These were the main highlights that he proposed to do something about.In Bush's speech me state that we as Americans have a healthy growing economy, and a force for good in the world and

State Of The Union Essay

732 words - 3 pages During president Obama's state of the Union address, he covered a broad amount of information. Some I agreed with some I did not. To begin, President Obama discusses what to do in order to switch over to green energy. This means the use of solar panels and natural gas. I highly agree with this, though it will be expensive. This was one of my favorite parts of the speech because it really will make a difference in the world. At one point