This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Industrial Relations Framework Essay

1244 words - 5 pages

The Industrial relations framework emerged as a response to the Social Question or the ‘Labour Problem’ – which has been defined by some authors as the problem of improving the conditions of employment of the wage-earning classes [1]. To mitigate the problems of the labour class, whose interests were seen as antithetical to the interests of the producers; a variety of flavours and philosophical leanings developed amongst academicians. Thus IR was conceived differently by different theorists, right from formalization of workplace norms (Dunlop) and job regulation (Flanders) to the social regulation of production (Hyman 1995). The general understanding in the beginning of the historical ...view middle of the document...

His treatment of labour as a commodity remains a standard among many economists (look up reference). Furthermore, in the Principles of Economics, though Marshall notes that capacity of individual workers to bargain is considerably lesser than most commodity markets, he asserts that this divergence is irrelevant for purposes of theory. Therefore, he adds that the differences between the two are not fundament from a theoretical standpoint. This mechanistic view of the labour market as a game of demand and supply ignored the human aspect of labour and gave an intellectual rationale to an unregulated regime of free trade.
The idea that labour was another commodity and that labour markets must be allowed to function in a de-regulated manner (like other commodities) subject only to market forces was rejected amongst labour reformers and proponent of industrial relations. The core principle behind the paradigm of industrial relations asserts that labour is embodied in human beings, and consequently that labour is not a commodity. Not only is this an assertion which stems from the need for human dignity and human values, but also an implicit understanding that there was an inherent imbalance of power between the owners of capital and owners of labour, and that as an individual a provider of labour had almost no say in the determination of wages. This is enshrined in the Constitution of the ILO, wherein the first principle reads “Labour should not be regarded as a commodity or article of commerce”.
Industry Relations choses as middle way between the positions held by orthodox economics and Marxist social ideas. In some aspects industrial relations uses certain tools and components of neo-classical economics such as maximization and equilibrium, however it straight away rejects some other core concepts such as Walrasian Demand supply mechanics. In this it tries to construct a quasi-theoretical base which propounds a form of social labour economics which takes into consideration the realities of the human participants of business, and evolve frameworks like workers participation and trade unions, labour laws in various countries, progressive employee management and government regulation of the labour market.
Meanwhile, Industrial relations as a field also enriched its philosophical opposition to growing threat posed by some of the central tenets and implications of neo-classical economics. According to this school of economics, in the world of perfect competition, demand and supply will optimally allocate resources to their most efficient use, and all sides would gain from the transactions involved. These are essentially theoretical assertions but most proponents hold that they approximate the behaviour of the labour market well enough, in which any policy intervention is unnecessary, and in fact may be...

Find Another Essay On Industrial Relations Framework

The Three Major Dimensions of Bargening in the Employee Relationship

1231 words - 5 pages industrial relations are subject to legal arbitration. Bray, Waring and Cooper (2011) postulates that it the legal dimension that gives raise to the framework guiding employee relationships. This legal dimension therefore has an influence on both the economic and social dimensions controlling employment relationship as illustrated by the use of employment contracts to legitimize labour provision and wage pay. They also help in enforcement of such

Human resources management (HRM) and industrial relations

2453 words - 10 pages Executive SummaryEmployment Relations encompasses the varied methods and processes of people management, including human resources management (HRM) and industrial relations. The Employment Relations field includes rules, attitudes, customs, practices, policies and behavior in and around the employment relationship. The main 'actors' in the field are employees and the organizations, employers and their associations, and the state and its

employment relations

900 words - 4 pages The advent of new forms of employee management, such as HRM, alongside shifting industrial structures to a service-dominated economy, declining trade union power and influence, political antipathy towards the union movement, greater individualisation and flexibility in the management of labour and changing social attitudes have created a more diverse employment landscape. Employment relations in certain countries changes over time by several

Public Relations

1472 words - 6 pages problems, to build prestige for an individual or a group, to promote products, and to win elections or legislative battles. The majority of public relations workers are staff employees working within a corporate or institutional framework. Others operate in public relations counselling firms. In industry, public relations personnel keep management informed of changes in the opinions of various publics (that is, the groups of people whose support is

The Role of the State in Employment Relations

3096 words - 13 pages Relations A country’s ‘legal origins’ plays a key role in determining a state’s IR regulatory framework and its social, economic, and political characteristics. The legal origins theory posits that there is a “strong empirical correlation between a nation’s regulatory style and the origin of its legal system” (Cooney, Gahan, & Mitchell, 2010). Thus a country’s legal, industrial, colonial, and political ancestry has a significant influence the

The New South Wales Teacher's Dispute of 2003 - 2004 Analysis of a recent Australain Industrial Relations Dispute

5339 words - 21 pages spending and present-day social issues. In this instance, when the 'state' is mentioned, it is a reference to the state of New South Wales, and does not include the Federal/Commonwealth arm of the state. The important issue here is what theoretical perspective the state of the time has: Unitarian or Pluralist. This perspective of the Industrial Relations framework of a political party is derived from the ideological and historic context of each party

Title:PR Summary Paper Re:current trends in the global community as it relates to Public Relations discusses the publicity and advertising in terms of their impact on publics

1891 words - 8 pages products, and to win elections or legislative battles. The majority of public relations workers are staff employees working within a corporate or institutional framework. Others operate in public relations counseling firms. In industry, public relations personnel keep management informed of changes in the opinions of various publics (that is, the groups of people whose support is needed): employees, stockholders, customers, suppliers, dealers, the

Strategic HRM is a theoretical model rather than a practical reality. Discuss

2264 words - 9 pages AbstractThe essay that's undertaken presents the conflicting issues between Industrial Relations and Unitarism, which reflects a Strategic perspective. It was easily recognizable that society as a whole is slowly converging into unitarism. What became blatantly clear is the conflicting interest between Strategic HRM and Industrial Relations, which ultimately reflected the trend of management simply putting HRM first, which excluded Industrial

Describe and analyse the forces shaping the employment relationship in the firefighters' case study referred to in the tutorial in Week 12 (Blyton and Turnbull, 2004:317-325)

1495 words - 6 pages relationship have on both individuals and society.Bibliography:Alexander,R. and Lewer,J. (2004) Understanding Australian Industrial Relations, 6th ed. Sydney, Harcourt Brace, pp.13-17.Bray,M., Deery,S., Walsh,J. and Waring,P. (2005) Industrial Relations: A Contemporary Approach, 3rd ed, Sydney: Thomson Press pp.5-9.Blyton and Turnbull (2004), "the firefighters' strike 2002-3" The Dynamics of Employee Relations, 3rd ed., Palgrave Macmillan pp.317-325Dufty

Obstacles Threatening the Existence of the Kaesong Industrial Complex

1642 words - 7 pages Obstacles Threatening the Existence of the Kaesong Industrial Complex The Kaesong Industrial Complex is one of the only remind points of economic interaction between South Korea and North Korea. The KIC is also referred as a park or complex. It was officially opened in December 2004. It is considered by many to be the only possible route for reestablishing better political relations and reducing friction between both countries. Many scholars

The Republic of Latvia

1012 words - 5 pages ://www.bsr2013.eu/2013/04/23/welcome-aris-zigurs-ceo-latvenergo-as/ • CSR in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: Measurement, Dissemination and Awareness • European Parliament: DIRECTORATE-GENERAL FOR RESEARCH • DIVISION FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND RESEARCH, STOA, Briefing No. 4, Environmental Policy in Latvia. • Latvia: Industrial Relations Profile • Final Report to the EU High-Level Group on CSR • Promoting a European Framework for Corporate Social

Similar Essays

Industrial Relations Essay

1841 words - 8 pages , industrial relations are considered to be good when unions and employers are bargaining in good faith. The role of the government is considered very important as it sets the legal framework that industrial relations operate in. In order to have good industrial relations it is necessary that there is convergence or at least compatibility between different theories. At workplace, where managers have a very paternalistic approach to employees and where

Role Of The State Essay

973 words - 4 pages institutions, such as the relations of 'institutional interlock' and 'institutional complementarity'? Therefore, facing the institutional supports, firms will accept coordination. The roles of state in the industrial relations are influenced by its economic, social or legal framework. The seven main functions of the state shaping the industrial relations are classified into major employer, procedural regulation, substantive employment rights, labour

Outline The Changes In The Australian Labour Market Since 1980

4539 words - 18 pages commercialization and privatization of government business enterprise and the contracting out of public services.While the Australian industrial relations system is undergoing considerable change, the industrial framework provided by the tribunal systems continues to play in active role in how the major parties interact. As well, despite reservations about the appropriateness of using the judicial system in the resolution of industrial conflict, this

Industrial Relations Essay

2519 words - 10 pages -Discrimination Commission for action.Industrial Relations Act 1999The principal object of this Act is to provide a framework for industrial Relations that supports economic prosperity and social justice by providing for rights and responsibilities for all employees and employers. The act covers a variety of areas such as ensuring wages and employment conditions provide fair standards, providing for effective, responsive and accessible support for