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Industrial Revolution Essay

1101 words - 4 pages

The Industrial Revolution began in England during the 1700s and spread across Europe then North America, and eventually the world. This revolution assisted life but also made life more difficult as well. Gender roles were changed, products were made more efficiently and many jobs were created. This also meant that people lived in cramped houses, air pollution levels were high and people died of or suffered illnesses from working in factories. This essay will be discussing whether the Industrial Revolution has done more harm than good.The Industrial Revolution changed the roles of both genders. Before the Industrial revolution men and women worked together as part of a cottage industry. As the Industrial Revolution progressed, each family member's role changed. An example being the change in a woman's role. Prior to the Revolution, women focused on being a good wife and mother, making sure their children and husbands were cared for and their children developed emotionally and socially. As the Industrial revolution swept through Britain, women gained new outlooks on their duties in life. Many women broke free from their traditional roles around the home and began to work outside of their homes and in factories and textile mills out in the industrial world. According to the 1851 Census of Great Britain, it was recorded that towards the end of the Industrial Revolution over 30.2% of workers were female.With the start of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th Century new machines were invented making it possible to mass produce goods in factories. Before the Industrial Revolution, goods were produced in small workshops which kept the prices of products high. Mass production in factories made it possible to manufacture goods more cheaply and quickly. Soon textiles, ribbons, pottery, glass, cutlery, furniture, pots and pans were available at affordable prices that had never been seen before. For example, James Hargreaves' spinning jenny in 1764 improved the speed and quality of thread-spinning processes. As spinning jennies were distributed to factories, many pieces of clothing were produced at once and yarn was sold to the public at a cheaper price.The Industrial Revolution opened up a large amount of employment opportunities. Employment in coal mining, factory and canal work and cotton mills expanded at an enormous rate. People from the countryside began to move to the city as the majority of jobs were there. As factories and businesses increased in size, number, and productivity, there was a high necessity for workers to man the machines or carry out tasks. For instance, as the demand for coal increased to work steam engines and furnaces, the demand for miners also increased. This improved the chance for people to have jobs to help them provide for their families.However, peasants and farmers who had moved to the city to find wealth and steady employment encountered mistreatment and regret. They were faced with living in small and cramped houses, high...

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