The Industrial Revolution Of 1760 To 1820 40s

761 words - 4 pages

As I continue this fascinating journey through time, where I have witnessed, wars, conquest, plague, a whole array of amazing events, and now, as a result of the Enlightenment, humanity was in need to develop, to create a system that will facilitate in a global scale to obtain all type of commodities.

With the conquest and colonization of the Americas and the European expansion, it created a model that extended to Africa and beyond.
It created new opportunities to improve the diet and expand the markets which shape every day life in Europe and this was the backdrop to a phenomena which later will be called INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION from 1760 to 1820-40.
Before this event, many goods were exclusively of certain regions, because of several factors. Hand production was slow, made it difficult to obtain industrial quantities for export , and for this reason prices were very high, making almost impossible for the common folk to afford it, furthermore, did not exist the adequate infrastructure to move high volumes of goods.

But all these was about to change, with important technological developments towards 1760 in manufacturing, mining, agriculture and transportation. This included, road and canals construction, since this will be crucial for the success of what was to come.

From spinning and weaving that was done in households for domestic consumption, went to the Spinning Frame developed by Richard Arkwright. With this, production in Britain of cotton textile, between 1770 and 1790, in 20 years alone the output increased tenfold.
While the price of cotton textiles decreased by 90%, the output had grown to cover the demand at affordable prices. Now, cotton will be gotten from Brazil, Egypt, southern United Sates and all this meant a transformation in the supply of those basic goods.

Therefore, one of the hallmarks of this age, was the usage of energy to drive machines, that one man will operate. This will greatly augment productivity, therefore, a third, out of Europe would emerge as a result of this revolution cheap cotton goods. These new commodities, were unimaginable a few generations earlier which themselves could be exported.

And the factory, will combine this new use of energy with new technology that will intensify division of labor and this will have a profound effect international...

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