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Chapter 7 Section 3: Social Impact of the Industrial Revolution
A. Witness to History
i. Stench and Sickness
a. People had little choice about where to live
b. There was no public water supply
c. Waste lined the unpaved streets
d. Disease spread rapidly in these unsanitary conditions.
B. Intro paragraph
i. The Industrial Revolution made the rich richer
ii. New entrepreneurs benefited
iii. Workers did not benefit
a. They crowded into the new factories:
c. Harsh living
II. People Move to New Industrial Cities
i. The Industrial Revolution
a. Rapid urbanization
b. Movement of people to cities
c. Changes in farming,
d. Soaring population growth
e. Increasing demand for workers
B. Pictures/Infographics/Maps/ Quotes/ etc.
i. Page 254 Monmouth Street, London
III. New Social Classes Emerge
i. The Industrial Revolution created a new middle class
a. They owned and operated the new factories, mines, and railroads, among other industries.
b. Their lifestyle was much more comfortable than that of the industrial working class.
B. The Industrial Middle Class
i. The Industrial Middle Class benefited most from the Industrial Revolution
ii. Industrial Revolution created this new middle class, or bourgeoisie
C. The Industrial Working Class
i. Vast numbers of poor struggled to survive in foul-smelling slums.
ii. They packed into tiny rooms in tenements, or multistory buildings divided into apartments
iii. Hard living conditions
D. Workers Stage Futile Protests
i. Labor unions were illegal
ii. They had secret unions
iii. They started a protest
a. Worker reforms and higher pay
b. No political power to effect change