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Industrialization In 19th And 20th Century

1493 words - 6 pages

America was a time of rapid growth for people all across the country. The Industrial Revolution began a few years after the Civil War with the invention of steam powered machines. From there, America faced a time of massive expansion and modern industrialized cities popped up across the United States. While there was much success across the nation, such as manual labor becoming easier and a huge population growth, the negative effects of industrialization outweigh the positives. A few of the issues that made industrialization an atrocious time for many was the racism and segregation towards immigrants and unsafe and unfair working conditions/the deprivation of a regular childhood for kids across the nation.
In the years leading up to the industrial era, manual labor was required across the country in order to produce goods such as wheat, steel, or other raw materials. In order to create these, skilled workers were needed so they could produce the materials. While the materials that the skilled workers made were of a high quality, there was a drawback; in order to make such high quality materials, companies needed to pay these workers more than the average worker. In response to this, companies set out to find a way to make more product for cheaper. A prime example of how they did this is when they created the Bessemer process. This is a machine/process that converts iron into steel via injection of air into the raw iron. The process is credited with launching the steel industry and cheapening the cost of production because it was no longer necessary to employ high skilled workers (Document B). With this, the need for highly paid skilled workers was no longer necessary because steel companies could employ low skill workers and produce steel for a substantially lower amount of money. Another process that provided more materials for less money was the invention of the production line. Ford was the first company to implement the mass production manufacturing line. This is a process in which a series of workers and machines are produced in a factory by which a succession of identical items is progressively assembled. In Document I, it shows the workers manufacturing early automobiles on an assembly line; they are priming the vehicles and applying the paint. In the image below, they are assembling parts that are to be put onto the vehicle. With this efficient process, workers were able to produce more cars for a smaller price tag and for a smaller amount of pay to the workers. This made life easier for the worker in a factory and it made the companies more profit.
Before the industrialization of the United States, there was not much diversity; a majority of the population was black and white. When the Industrialization era came around, diversity increased substantially. Because of the numerous opportunities that were presented in the United States, people from all across the globe came to America to make a better life for themselves and for their...

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