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Industrialization: Japan And Russia. The Rise And Emergence Of Japan And Russia As Major Industrial Nations.

1205 words - 5 pages

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Laurentian UniversityIndustrialization: Japan and RussiaHIST 1106EL-01Zakk BartschOctober 14, 2007Zakk BartschDr. Mark CraneHIST 1106EL-01October 15th, 2007Industrialization: Japan and RussiaAs Western Europe began to industrialize, booming with innovation and new technology, the likes of which the eastern peoples of Asia have never seen, it became quite evident that they would either conform in this western practice of industrialization willingly, or become consumed by it. This apprehension gave a rebirth to two nations who would soon find themselves as major players on the global stage; Russia and Japan. Yet how these countries would industrialize, however, would take very different paths and diverse methods. Japan is a country of small land mass and for that reason is obviously more united and closely knit. Russia, however, is massive in size which would indubitably withhold many different types of peoples, dialects, and so fourth. Essentially, Japan would industrialize independently through a militaristic view and the Russians through a type of social revolution with the help of Westerners.In a Russian point of view, they saw (the nobles) western industrialization as a threat to their hold over the country. On the other hand, Peter the Great pushed for Russia to become more European by adopting their language (most notably was French), clothing, administrative and military methods. Moreover, Peter the Great would also have the Russian royal family unite with European royal families through marriage and inconsequence, expand Russian territory. Peter the Greats fascination with Europe happened in his early years as Tsar, when he wished to wage war with the Ottoman Empire and wished to be supported by European monarchs. His grand embassy was unable to find any support from European nations, however during his travels Peter learned much from the Dutch, Germans, French and English. Evidently this contributed in a large way to Peter's ambition to industrialize and Westernize Russia.Nevertheless, this was only skin deep as it was only members of the nobility who experienced this Westernization and not those of the peasant population.After Peter's death, Catherine the Great continued with his policy of Westernization, known as Russian Enlightenment. This was the dawn of Russia's first university, library, theatre, public museum and press. Over the next few years, Russia was involved in the Crimean war pitting her against many great powers of Europe and was a major loss, leaving the empire with much discontent. As Alexander II came into power in 1855 there was restlessness within the empire. Rather than facing a revolution, Tsar Alexander II decided to emancipate the serfs himself in 1861. This resulted in the freedom for two hundred million people. Inevitably, there were still issues as the serfs were still a poor and illiterate people, and even paying taxes to their old masters. Thus, the Social Democratic Party wad formed with the aim of...

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