This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Inequality In Education And Jobs In China

2678 words - 11 pages

There is a Chinese saying that goes, "We live to old age, we learn until old age." We Chinese truly have a passion for education and believe that in return, education will further our knowledge, elevate our social status, and secure us a good job within society.One of the most dramatic changes in the lives of average, urban Chinese since the introduction of market reforms in the 1980s has been the erosion of the "iron rice bowl". (Tang, 2000) Since the start of the reforms in 1978, China has experienced unprecedented economic growth, which has led to spectacular reductions in income poverty (World Bank, 2000). In the years when the redistributive economy prevailed, urban social life was highly constrained. As soon as the economic transition started, the life of urbanites started to change dramatically. While this change of the economy brought more material goods and a higher quality of life, it also dramatically increased inequality in education between urban and rural areas in China, especially in the 1990's. While increasing income inequality has been studied extensively (Tang, 2000; Parish), relatively there is a tremendous amount of information available for me to analyze on unbalanced educational situations between rural and urban China. In the following paper, I will present a picture of the unbalanced situation in terms of education and jobs after the economic reform began in China. To understand the dynamics of the inequality inherent in the educational system, it is necessary to understand the evolution of the Chinese education system and the redistributions of jobs under the socialist state. Until the 1980s, China's distributional policies strongly favored urban areas; the rationing system introduced in the 1950s enabled urban residents to have access to food, housing, education and healthcare at much lower prices. Almost all urban youngsters were guaranteed education to junior high. The working-age groups were guaranteed jobs in the state or collectively owned firms. Because these jobs were permanent, urban unemployment was basically nonexistent. This was known as the "iron rice bowl," because it was a means of provision that could not be broken. The Cultural Revolution started in Oct, 1966 and ended in Oct, 1976. Indeed, The Cultural Revolution threatened China for ten years. "The Cultural Revolution decade, through discrimination against the children of intellectuals and other old elites and through affirmative action programs for the children of farmers and workers, the government tried to overturn old patterns of status transmission." (Tang 2000; Parish P52) The government demanded that the Cultural Revolution values be taught in schools. But most schools couldn't cope with this and control fighting, for graduates in 1966, 67 who filled high and senior schools now had to take courses on the Cultural Revolution-making the whole idea more of a stumbling block to the students than a means of creating a new...

Find Another Essay On Inequality in Education and Jobs in China

Education Issues in China Essay

757 words - 4 pages education system is better than the China education system. Comparing every factor that China is better at and is worse at and the factors remain that Australia has more positives than negatives. But in China, it is better to be in the first-word areas than to be in third-world areas. However, this could be fixed if more jobs and higher wages were paid and given to employees. Works Cited China - Teaching Profession - Teachers, Education

Bilingual Education System in China Essay

1063 words - 5 pages It is generally claimed in today’s world that bilingual education is becoming one of the most significant issues in the sphere of global education. In comparison with the status of bilingual education (BE) in China, a great deal more is known about its development in countries of Europe and North America (Feng 2007, vii). However, BE in China has a lot of varieties determined with the educational context of students and the diversity of

Inequality in Education - Are All Children Developing Equally

2323 words - 10 pages Mariah Lewis-Elliott Inequality in Education Introduction Children are heading off to school today. They will learn math, reading and writing along with other topics that should help each child develop into a well-rounded and highly educated individual. The question of concern, are all children learning and developing equally? Aside from delays that a child may have as an individual, it is possible that children are not getting the same

Inequality in American Education: A Contradiction to Actual Freedom

3129 words - 13 pages . Authors like Sabrina, Samuel Bowles, and Herbert Ginits all give great detail that family icome plays an enormous role on inequality in education, but we must also look to authors like Orenstein, Fordham, and Ogbu because they also explain how other conflicts can cause inequality in schools. Tavernise sheds light on the most important question in our society today. Does family income affect our students’ abilities to succeed in the future

jobs in america

2228 words - 9 pages is also important because it “increases property value and reduces crime” (pg 8). The growth of good jobs is beneficial from a number of perspectives. In this section, the importance of education is looked at. Highly educated individuals are becoming more and more important. “In 1980, across all 200 industry groups, there was 32% of the population that had some college and in 2000 there was 51% that had college education” (pg 7). All 200

Gender Relations and Inequality in India

2320 words - 9 pages Gender relations and inequality is experienced through lack of educational matters and unfair treatment of women and children, thus in many cases forcing women to run households, while the men are away at work in various seasonal migration jobs at unviable wages. As defined in a classic article, income inequality is “the distribution of total income amongst the represented population” (Gehring13). In outlined studies; evidence can conclude

Creating Jobs in America

719 words - 3 pages December of 2007: A recession begins in the United States that is to last for the next two years. During this time of crisis, the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) estimates that nearly 8.7 million Americans lost their jobs. Unemployment is at an all-time high and the economy has reached a sudden halt in growth. Immigration slows as well; the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) reports that the number

Gender Inequality and Discrimination in America

1261 words - 5 pages jobs. Nonetheless, complaints persist today that women still are not presented with equal opportunities to succeed in networking and IT careers. American Association of University Women announced only 20% of IT workers in the USA are female. A women advocacy group in New York City contends that women receive ?inferior? training in vocations like computer networking: ?The board of education, it says, administers programs offering industry

Poverty and Inequality in Developing Countries

1280 words - 6 pages still face poverty somehow, it means countries that have no justice and have dictatorial system which called corruption. However, in some other countries people live naturally with poverty status such as Africa, Brazil and many more. Therefore, the discussion cause of poverty and inequality is vital, in three main aspects; education, lack of adequate in social mobility and family behavior with the results of inequality and finally the solutions

Economy and Gender Inequality in Iran

1118 words - 5 pages Iran: Gender and Education, Politics, and Economy Gender inequality is an issue that a large number of countries have faced, and many are still facing. Unequal treatment of the two genders can occur in settings such as: sexual, social, private, professional, educational, etc. Some countries, more than others, seem to be stuck in a vicious cycle as they strive to achieve gender equality. Iran is a country that has had its’ ups and downs in

Income and wealth Inequality in Australia

1209 words - 5 pages Inequality is present in every economy, but to what extent are income and wealth in Australia unequal and what government polices contravene income and wealth inequality? Income is defined as money that an individual or business receives in exchange for providing a good or service or through investing capital, while wealth is a measure of the value of all of the assets of worth owned by a person, community, company or country. Income and wealth

Similar Essays

Gender Inequality In China Essay

1170 words - 5 pages have been made, and the problem has been recognized, but Gender Inequality is still seen. The Chinese Government should encourage people to put an end to Gender Inequality. By providing education to this matter, advertising, and creating laws, etc, Gender Inequality will be eliminated. In brief, China is improving in Gender Inequality, but gender stereotypes and discrimination is still seen, and Gender Inequality is not acknowledged as one of

Education Inequality In America Essay

1814 words - 7 pages Education Inequality in America Background      Will Durant, a businessman and the founder of General Motors, once said, “Education is the transmission of civilization.” Unfortunately, education is still one of the most deliberated and controversial issues in the United States. Thus far, the privilege or right to receive education has not attained the level of equality throughout the nation; poor districts obtain less educational funding

Education In China And Germany Essay

486 words - 2 pages Education in China and GermanyIn recent years, more and more students go abroad for study. Germany is one of themost important destinations for Chinese students. "There are currently 26,000 Chinesestudents in Germany, making up one-tenth of its international student population."(China Daily, 2007) Also, Germany is one of the main countries whose students cometo China for study. "According to China's Ministry of Education, there are

Education In China Essay

1058 words - 4 pages Education in China Education in China is growing. Over the past years Chinas education system has been attempting, and been successful in improving the education in China. China for many years did not put much emphasis on education. China was more traditional, meaning they were more interested in farming and working. Prior the 1840 education in China was only for the elite, the high