Inevitably Of The Civil War Essay

706 words - 3 pages

In the years before the start of the Civil War, there were growing sectional differences between the North and the South including constitutional arguments about states’ rights and the federal Union; economic disputes, due to the industrialization in the North and agriculture in the South, over matters such as tariffs and internal improvements; and the biggest issue of slavery, which the South was in defense of. For example, following the Mexican War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was negotiated, giving the United States California and New Mexico. This was opposed by some northern Whigs who saw it as an opportunity to expand slavery. The Wilmot Proviso was proposed in 1846 to prohibit ...view middle of the document...

This would be tested in 1850 when California drafted a constitution that banned slavery. When President Zachary Taylor supported the admission of California and New Mexico as free states, southern extremists began discussing secession from the Union. To protect the Union, Henry Clay made the Compromise of 1850. The compromise would add California to the Union as a free state, but appease southerners by creating Utah and New Mexico and allowing popular sovereignty in those territories. It also would ban the slave trade in the District of Columbia but allow owning slaves, and led to a Fugitive Slave Law being enforced much more than a previous one. Those in favor of saving the Union argued for this law, such as Daniel Webster who said in a speech supporting the compromise “...there are those abolition societies, of which I am unwilling to speak, but in regard to which I have very clear notions and opinions. I do not think them useful...they attempted to arouse, and did arouse, a very strong feeling. In other words, they created great agitation in the North against Southern slavery (Document B).” He was not in support of the extreme...

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