This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Infancy And Early Childhood Paper

810 words - 3 pages

I believe "Piaget's theory of cognitive development" best explains the cognitive development both in infancy and early childhood. His theory is explained by a theory of cognitive organization called schemes. Schemes are the "actions or mental representations that organize knowledge" (Santrock, 2008, p. 94). According to his theory, schemes change with age; in other words, they are action-based (motor patterns) at first and then gradually change to a mental (thinking) level. There are several key terms that explain Piaget's process of developmental change; those include adaptation, assimilation, accommodation, organization, and equilibration.Sensorimotor stage is the first of the Piaget's theory of cognitive development. It lasts from birth to the about 2 years of age, where awareness of the world is limited to what can be known through sensory awareness and motor acts. Furthermore, Piaget divided the sensorimotor stage into six sub-stages: 1) simple reflexes; (2) first habits and primary circular reactions; (3) secondary circular reactions; (4) coordination of secondary circular reactions; (5) tertiary circular reactions, novelty, and curiosity; and (6) internalization of schemes (Santrock, 2008, p. 96).•Reflexive Schemes: this is present in newborns. Initially, the infant's actions are coordinated through reflexive behaviors, such as rooting and sucking. But gradually the infant produces behaviors that resemble reflexes in the absence of the usual stimulus for the reflex (Santrock, 2008).•Primary circular reactions: it develops between 1 and 4 months of age. In this stage, infants begin to adapt their reflexes to their environment; simple motor habits are centered around own body (Caulfield, 2001)•Secondary circular reactions: it develops between 4 and 8 months of age. The focus of infants' exploration shits to external events. Infants develop awareness that objects continue to exist even when not in sight at about 8 months of age (Caulfield, 2001)•Coordination of secondary circular reactions: develops between 8 and 12 months of age. Infants begin to demonstrate intentional behavior and anticipate events; they coordinate separate actions to achieve desired goals (Caulfield, 2001).•Tertiary circular reactions: develops between 12 and 18 months of age. Infants reach an advanced level of proficiency; they begin to explore properties of objects through novel actions (Caulfield, 2001).•Internalization of schemes: develops between 18 and 24 months of age. Their ability to represent the external world internally begins to develop, also called as symbolic representation. Also, deferred imitation, the ability to retain and copy a representation of an observed behavior, begins to develop (Caulfield,...

Find Another Essay On Infancy and Early Childhood Paper

Early Childhood Education: Vision, Mission, and Philosophy Statement

1268 words - 5 pages Early childhood is a time of curiosity, a time for play, and a time of rapid development. Every child is unique and deserving of an early childhood education that facilitates academic, social, and developmental growth through a variety of enjoyable experiences. Differentiated instruction adapts content, products and processes to meet the diverse learning needs and preferences of students (Thousand, Villa, & Nevin, 2007). Friedrich Froebel

The Role of Testing and Assessment in Early Childhood Education

2264 words - 9 pages Snow, C. E. (2008). Early childhood assessment why, what, and how. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. Solley, B. A. (2012). On Standardized Testing: An ACEI Position Paper. Childhood Education, 84(1), 31-37. Retrieved December 3, 2012, from Stipek, D. (2006). No child left behind comes to preschool. The

Early Childhood Education Howard Gardner and Jean Piaget

1507 words - 6 pages Early childhood education is an issue that is examined both by media and academic professionals, both of which are represented by Alison Gopnik, a writer and professor (Gopnik, 2013). Gopnik (2011) found that over the years, parents and teachers work to their fullest to instruct children to read at very young ages. It can be Interpreted that reading skills take priority over creative skills, since children are instructed to read even in the womb

Comparative Early Childhood Studies Ireland and Sweden part 1

1904 words - 8 pages All over the world there are many different approaches and perspectives when looking at the Early Years sector. Many different countries have different ways in which they run things; much of this is due to their cultural viewpoint. This essay will take a look at and compare the Irish early childhood sector to that of Sweden’s and then it will compare and evaluate which of the two is better and why. The essay will view the history of provision

The Dichotomy and the Development of the Early Childhood Education and Care Services in Australia

1905 words - 8 pages The development of Early Childhood education and Care services in Australia is not that easy as we think. Started form the late 19C and early 20C there are lots of change, challenge, belief and arguments. When looking back on the historical stages and compare to the current stage there are lots better funding, resources, policy and practice to have quality early educations. The early childhood services started in late 19C and early 20C. There

Childhood Amnesia and the Beginnings of Memory for Four Early Life Events

1225 words - 5 pages When we ask people to recall experiences, they rarely report memories dating from much before about three years of age. For the purpose of this assessment I have chosen the ‘Childhood Amnesia and the Beginnings of Memory for Four Early Life Events’ conducted by JoNell A. Usher and Ulric Neisser, published in 1993 in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Therefore, in the following paragraphs I will outline the aim of the study, the

The Importance of Early Childhood Education and What it looks Like in America

1304 words - 5 pages kindergarten. Some parents do not realize just how important early childhood education is. Early Childhood Education begins at birth. The first stage, birth to age three, focuses on skill development, which includes tasks such as sitting, walking, feeding themselves, toilet training, and enough hand-eye coordination to throw a ball. The next stage is age three to five. At this stage, students begin to develop fine motor skills, such as having

How Do Attachments in Early Childhood Can Have Positive and Negative Consequences?

1756 words - 7 pages Bowlby felt the necessity and importance of forming attachments, as he once quoted, `Mother love in infancy and childhood is as important for mental health as are vitamins and proteins for physical health. Attachment for Bowlby was more than a simple emotional bond, but provided a secure state of mind for infants, and was even more vital to human development. Bowlby then leads on to say that the attachments you make as a child, affect the way

Early Childhood Writing and Research

712 words - 3 pages Good Reading skills are imperative for students to have during their student phases but it is also a beneficial lifelong skill to acquire. This essay will discuss two reading strategies students can develop to aide them in reading comprehension. The strategies that will be emphasised are the SQR4 and the Click and Cluck reading strategies. This writer uses the SQR4 reading strategies to help support students in their studies. This is a useful

Early Childhood Research Select a topic that relates to the field of ECE and critically review Select one methodology and examine it's appropriateness in the ECE

892 words - 4 pages unethical but the "relationships between the variables can make experimental research ethically inappropriate" (NZTC, 2009, p.21). As an early childhood teacher you also need to consider the family environment and consent from the children (and potentially their guardians). The ability for children to give consent can be problematic, but, according to Hedges, 2002 it is possible and demonstrates respect for the children. Interestingly Hedges (2002

Discussion of Theoretical Perspectives in Danby, S. (1996). Constituting social membership: Two readings of talk in an early childhood classroom. Language and Education, 10(2&3), 151-170

1654 words - 7 pages IntroductionThe above paper is based on two alternative readings interpreted through the traditional early childhood pedagogy and ideas from feminist post-structuralism. This paper seeks to explore some limitations of the traditional early childhood pedagogy in addressing gender issues by comparing it with the feminist post-structuralist approach. A brief introduction to each theoretical perspective will first be given.Developmental psychology

Similar Essays

Enhanced Handling And Positioning In Early Infancy Advances Development Throughout The First Year

652 words - 3 pages The article Enhanced Handling and Positioning in Early Infancy Advances Development Throughout the First Year, by Michele A. Lobo and James C. Galloway explores the effects of advanced handling and positioning in infants. Twenty-eight families with infants born provided informed consent to be in the experiment. The infants had to be born full term, display typical development, and have no medical diagnoses. They were split into control and

The Mc Millan Sisters And Early Childhood Education

1113 words - 4 pages was devised for kids from low- income areas that needed the extra care as well. A unique concept of the time that grasped my interest and made me want to discover more about their program and it’s effect on Early Childhood Education. The Open-Air Nursery School did more than begin the education process earlier, allowing children to have a better education. The nursery school got its name from what the sisters wished to achieve through their

Assessment In Early Childhood And Special Education

896 words - 4 pages . (2011). Assessing and Guiding Young Children's Development and Learning. (5th ed.), Upper saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education. Stockall, N., Dennis, L. R., and Rueter, J. A. (2014). Developing a progress monitoring portfolio for children in early childhood special education programs. Teaching Exceptional Children, 46(3), 32-40.

Early Childhood Cognitive And Social Development In Poverty

1631 words - 7 pages Children in families with lower incomes at or below the poverty line have been connected with poor cognitive and social development in early childhood. The studies that I chose to use evaluate the cognitive and social development during early childhood using various surveys, evaluations, and observations completed by or with the children, parents, and teachers. Development of any kind is dependent on the interplay of nature and nurture, or