Infant and Toddler Neglect
California State University, Fresno
Infant Toddler Development MWF 9:00-9:50 AM
Out of all different forms of abuse, infants and toddlers are more likely to suffer from neglect (Connell and Scannapieco, 2006). Severe consequences to children are the after effect of them suffering from neglect (Connell and Scannapieco, 2006). 71 % of children that are reported endure neglect based on CPS findings (Nicklas and Mackenzie, 2012) and one fourth of the children abused are less than 4 years old (Malik, Lederman, Crowson, and Osofsky, 2002). Neglect, a passive form of abuse, can cause detrimental effects physically, emotionally, mentally, behaviorally, and relationally to both infants and toddlers.
Failure to thrive is a negative physical outcome cause by neglect. Failure to thrive is when neglected children compared to children who gain the proper weight at acceptable standards have extended interruption of their norm (Block and Krebs, 2005). To support the claim that neglect caused FIT, hospitals noticed increased intake of nourishment and exceeded the normal amount of weight increase (Block and Krebs, 2005). A critical element of FIT is if there are any bonding concerns between caregiver and infant (Block and Krebs, 2005). Caregivers and parents who are inattentive to an infant or toddler nourishment will cause distress about child abuse (Block and Krebs, 2005). Another negative physical outcome of neglect is not vaccinating infants and toddlers. If infant and toddlers are not up-to-date with immunizations it is considered neglect in some states (Vasquez and Pitts, 2006). At an early age infants and toddlers are susceptible to acquire numerous immunizations avoidable illnesses if immunizations are hindered, which might lead to death or diseases because of contagious ailments (Omar, Salmon, Orenstein, deHart, Halsey, 2009). Either absence of parental awareness or an indication of neglect may be the reason behind late or no vaccination (Vasquez and Pitts, 2006). In a study, the child-level variables in the fully specified model, the overall health was important showing that children with a smaller amount of neglect had better overall health (Nicklas and Mackenzie, 2012).
Neglect can also cause some serious problems cognitively. Cognitive delay was found to be connected autonomously only to one form of maltreatment known as neglect (Strathearn, Gray, and Wood, 2001). Infants who were mentioned to have been neglected, approached a status of “intellectual disability” as their average cognitive score decreased as for infants not mentioned has a persistent IQ standing (Strathearn, Gray, and Wood, 2001). Besides having cognitive delay, neglect can also decrease the head size of infants. After accommodating for birth weight, infants that face neglect and had been verified had a considerably smaller head circumference at ages between 2 and 4 (Strathearn, Gray, and...