Infant Swimming Essay

1454 words - 6 pages

Drowning is the third most common death related accident among children younger than 4 in the United States and the leading cause of death in children younger than 5 in California, Arizona, and Florida. (Ellis & Trent, 1997) People have reacted to such statistics by coming up with programs to teach children to swim. The programs started with the pioneering work of Virginia Hunt Newman who brought the idea over to the United States from Australia. She was taught by an Australian by the name of Claire Zimmerman. (Johnson & Odent, 1995) Researchers have found that the best programs understand that knowledge of infant behavior and development would be the safest technique to prevent future drownings. Through years of research with constant colleague review behavioral psychologists have developed programs to reduce the chances of drowning and free the child from the effects of fear when they near the water. Operant conditioning along with psychological development are the technologies used in teaching infants. These programs use child development principles to develop the program goals. Tens of thousands of children have learned the skills to save themselves in a panic situation. The drownproofing programs in the United States have made safety their number one priority and can help a child not panic when they have an aquatic accident. For simplicity sake I will use the masculine pronoun "he" to refer to all infants and toddlers. I expect the reader to substitute the pronoun "she" mentally if necessary. Many parents are afraid to teach their infants to swim, but there are good reasons why both the parent and the child can benefit from swimming lessons. Your child will love the water. Being with your child in the pool can be an exciting time of bonding for the parent and child. Your child looks to you for encouragement in the new activities that he is trying to accomplish. Physical contact, hugging and touching, expresses love to your child. Being in the water with him gives you a chance to have lots of physical contact. Researchers say that physical contact especially skin to skin is very important to the bonding process. (Johnson & Odent, 1995) Giving this freedom to learn new experiences helps a child reconcile the first stage in Erik Erikson's child development theory, trust versus mistrust. Furthermore, praising your child for even attempting a task even though the task was not perfectly performed is a good way to build a child's self confidence. Children who receive praise only when they do something right conclude their parents love them for their accomplishments not just themselves. Remember genuine love is not contingent on success or failure. Pediatricians have claimed to see lower instances of a cold or flu in a child who takes water safety training. (Whitehead & Curtis, 1983) Furthermore, if you exercise your baby in the water he will get more exercise because of the decreased restriction that gravity has on...

Find Another Essay On Infant Swimming

Hiroshima, by John Hersey Essay

1210 words - 5 pages children he had seen standing up to their shoulders in the river. …two young girls who had lost their family and were both badly burned.” (Hersey, 44). Due to the bomb that was Hiroshima many children were separated from their families with no where to go. Mrs. Kamai, Mr. Tanimoto’s neighbor, was in Asano Park with the body of her infant daughter in her arms. “She kept the corpse in her arms for four days, even though it began smelling bad

Naegleria Fowleri, The Brain Eating Amoeba

1326 words - 6 pages Organism Naegleria fowleri, the brain eating amoeba, exists around the world; reservoirs of N fowleri include sediments of lakes, rivers, geothermal water, soil, and poorly kept swimming pools. These microbes can live in temperatures up to 45 degree Celsius and do not require a host cell for survival. The free-living amoeba is the etiological source of primary amoebic meningeocephalitis (PAM), an acute and fatal disease of the central nervous

Human Development

2676 words - 11 pages of the advantages to using this system is it can help with a group’s identity. For example, the American Flag represents freedom to many people, and helps unify America as a whole. External factors are what effects this change in humans, rather than biological reason and this relates back to theoretic culture (Bjorklund & Pellegrini, 2002). 3. Infant-directed speech is part of the language acquisition support system, outlined by Jerome Bruner

Features of Baptism

1668 words - 7 pages Features of Baptism There are many different central features of infant and believers baptism. Infant Baptism is when a small child or baby is baptised. It can be performed using three methods. The Latin tradition of the Catholic Church is when the infant has water poured over his/her head. A baby is usually held over a font and as the water is poured, the priest says the words of the baptism. This water is

HIV/AIDS Research Paper

749 words - 3 pages . Homosexual men are at the highest risk for HIV/AIDS. Today, more than half of all new infections strike people under the age of 25. Girls are hit harder and younger than boys are. Infant and child death rates have risen sharply, and 14 million children are now orphans because of the disease.Hence the rumors, you cannot get HIV/AIDS from mosquito bites, coughing, sneezing, sharing household items, or swimming in the same pool as someone infected

Harriet Beecher Stowe

929 words - 4 pages ), Henry Ellis, Frederick William, Georgiana May, Samuel Charles, and Charles Edward. The first two were of that three who died normally. The third,k a swimming accident at age nineteen. The fourth and fifth, an alcohol addiction which led to disappearing and a morphine addiction which led to an infection. The sixth child of Calvin and Harriet died as an infant of cholera. The final child, the seventh child, was the last of the natural dying three

Freakonomics

2113 words - 9 pages rates in the 70’s had the largest decreases in crimes in the 90’s. The states with the lowest abortion rates had the lowest decrease in crime. Chapter 5 takes on conventional wisdom again, only this time focusing on parenting. Before Levitt began to write Freakenomoics he lost his infant son to pneumococcal meningitis. While attending support groups for parent who had lost children Levitt noticed that more parents had lost children because they

Growth And Development In Babies

1403 words - 6 pages rule...gross and fine motor skills. Legs and FeetLegs and feet are the most helpless of the baby's body parts. To begin with, the legs are drawn up in the prenatal position. Legs also make automatic creeping or swimming motions. The legs and feet are the last body parts to be controlled by the infant. For example, a baby sits alone and grasps objects with his or her hands long before learning to walk.Again this is a demonstration of the first

Early Childhood Psychosocial Development

1599 words - 6 pages Introduction Developmental psychology is the scientific study of changes that occur in human throughout the life span. The development starts from infant until old age. Childhood is a time of tremendous change, but people also continue to grow slowly and develop during adulthood. It is a continuous process with a predictable sequence. These developmental changes may be influenced by genetic factor, environment factor and maturation factor. There

Baby Walkers: A Helpful Tool?

1386 words - 6 pages healthy infants for thirty days. They asked parents to record at what age their child reached a certain developmental milestone, such as crawling, sitting up on their own, crawling, standing with support, and walking alone. 190 parents responded to the survey. The survey showed that 102 of them had their infant use a baby walker. Garrett, McElroy, and Staines found strong links between the amount of baby walker use and the degree of

Roger Daniels' View of The Struggles of Immigrants

1498 words - 6 pages . The soldiers killed 250 Indian men, women and children. Many lawyers, reformers and politicians thought that Indians were destined to disappear. In the 1890?s, the Indian population fell from several million to 250,000. Roger Daniels states that American Indians were the poorest group in American society. They had the highest infant mortality rate, shortest life spans, lowest incomes and fewest material goods. Indians were forcibly converted into

Similar Essays

Development Of Fine And Gross Motor Skills

1386 words - 6 pages Development begins in the womb. The fetus develops organs and grows many times its size during this time. Once the child is born it is even more important that the environment helps with normal infant physical and mental growth. At birth, infant senses function through eyes, ears, nose, and tongue. Through these senses they explore their world and sensations occur. Perception occurs when the brain processes these sensations. Infant movements

Can An Island Have Nine Lives?

1095 words - 5 pages After this lengthy period of gloom that included losing Coty then making the decision to sell the island, a revival of sorts took place as though Comfort was the cat with nine lives and wanted to treat one more generation of Clarks to the magic of its unique setting. Each new generation of kids has taken varying levels of interest in the obvious activities of fishing, swimming, and boating, but it’s interesting to reflect back on the earliest

Motor Development Autobiography, Describe Developmental Stages Based On Real Life Experiences

3748 words - 15 pages development during the reflexive period, and the environmental constraints were influential.Preadpated PeriodThe motor development of preadapted period would usually take place when an infant is around two weeks to a year old. During this early developmental period, the organism constraints played a dominated role, the environmental constraints were influential, and the task constraints organized the action. The goal of the movement would be the

No One Cares Essay

976 words - 4 pages climbing up a tree or swimming in a nearby lake with the princes. As for besting the others in battle, you found the fighting repulsive, as necessary as it was. After your contemplation had ended, you realized that you and Loki had been staring at each other for what seemed like hours. You blushed as you whispered your answer. "Me... I care." Those three simple words had an impact on him like you had never seen before. The mix of shock, confusion