This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Infant With Respiratory Difficulties Essay

1118 words - 4 pages

Name of Body System and Developmental Age: Infant Respiratory

Patient Presentation: Include historical information including family history and genetic considerations, background as well as symptomology and tentative diagnosis.
Maria is a six month old infant girl who was born at 40 weeks weighing 7 lbs. 4 oz. and 21 inches long. She is developmentally on track and up to date on all immunizations. Maria currently weighs 15 lbs. and 5 oz. and is 24 inches. She is breast feed and eats baby cereal in the morning. She is starting to be introduced to baby food and finger foods such as baby crackers. Her parents are married and work leaving Maria in daycare 3 days a week. They attend church on Sunday mornings and stays in the nursery during services. Her mother had gestational diabetes which was controlled during the pregnancy. Mom had a bought of post-partum depression which is now controlled by citalopram. Her mother has no other significant health history and neither does the father. Maria is currently an only child. See pathophysiology and diagnosis below. She takes no regular medications.

Questions you MUST answer, providing scholarly sources for rationales.
1. Thorough and concise pathophysiology description showing connection to manifestations or signs and symptoms of the client.
Maria was brought to the pediatrician today for symptoms of runny nose, cough, fever 101.1, cough, and wheezing, decreased feedings, fussy and restless and has had a dry diaper for the last 10 hours. The initial symptoms began 5 days ago but worsened overnight. Mom has treated the fever with infants Tylenol. Temp 101.1 P 165 R 40.The doctor is sending Maria home rotating Tylenol and ibuprofen every 4 hours, give pedialyte in between feedings, suctioning secretions as needed, humidifier, and to the er if symptoms worse or no wet diapers in 8 hours for IV fluids.

2. Focused physical assessment findings for this client. Include normal results and as well as abnormal based on the pathological disease process.
Normal Assessment findings for body system Expected assessment findings for client with Pathophysiology causing change in findings
According to Murray, Zentner, and Yakimo (2009) the normal vitals is pulse about 115 bmp, temp 99.4, BP 90/60, respirations 32 minute. All the symptoms above and may also have sore throat, sneezing, possible eye or ear drainage, listless, poor breath sounds, tachypnea, RSV effects the epithelial cells of the respiratory tract. The bronchiolar mucosa swells, and Lumina are subsequently filled with mucous and exudate. (Hockenberry and Wilson, 2009)

3. Laboratory and radiological findings of patient with this type of disorder. Rationale for the changes in the findings. (Must include a minimum of three).

Lab or radiological test Normal findings Expected findings in client with this disorder Rationale for change in findings
Nasal secretions to test for RSV Negative Positive The test is anti-body or...

Find Another Essay On Infant With Respiratory Difficulties

Touch: The Foundation of Infant Growth and Bonding

2559 words - 10 pages minutes a premature infant is born while the infant is out of sight of the parents. These observances help determine how effectively the infant is adjusting to the extrauterine world. One such test is the Apgar scoring system. It evaluates the infant’s heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability and color (appearance). These are individually rated on a score of 0,1, or 2 with 0 being the worst and 2 being the best. A score of 0

Breastfeeding and The WIC Program Essay

1179 words - 5 pages The United States' Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children also known as WIC supplies almost fifty percent of the infant formula used in the US at no charge to the families. This has raised a red flag for concern because it is well-known that feeding with infant formula results in poorer health outcomes for infants than breastfeeding. Why should WIC offer any formula at all to its clients when breast milk is free

Injured Child Awarded $43.5 Million

1602 words - 6 pages As reported in several newspapers thru out the Los Angeles and San Bernardino County, in May 2002, a 19-month old patient in San Bernardino County was awarded $43.5 million dollars in the case of Brown vs. Community Hospital of San Bernardino. According to the claim, Eric (the infant) was 4-months old at the time of the accident. The infant was admitted to the hospital with an upper respiratory infection. In the hospital the infant was attached

The Respiratory System: A Review of the System, Its Components, and Diseases That Can Affect It

985 words - 4 pages The Respiratory System A Review of the System, Its Components, and Diseases That Can Affect It What is the respiratory system? Why do we need to breathe? Can the process be changed or altered? The information in this paper will help you find out how the respiratory system works, what the components are that make the system work, and the many diseases that can change or alter the process. The respiratory system is made up of the organs and

Anatomy: The Respiratory System

931 words - 4 pages wants is for their respiratory system to be comprised in their life. At the beginning stages of life (between birth and being an infant) the respiratory system is small. When a baby takes its first breath that is when the lungs rapidly expand. The shape of the lungs will then change from round to the more flattened shape that is found in adults. These lungs can be compromised from factors such as smoking and even second-hand smoke. This could

Botulism, the Deadly Toxin

2016 words - 9 pages tightness in the throat, difficulty swallowing, ataxia and general weakness. Iatrogenic botulism symptoms, which are similar to the food borne symptoms, occur after therapeutic intramuscular injections are done to treat spasticity and can enter the bloodstream. With all six types of botulism, respiratory difficulties can appear slowly or very sudden in the process. According to the CDC “Respiratory failure occurs in 20-35% of patients, the

Infant Mortality Within the United States

3569 words - 14 pages , those states with the ten lowest IMR are mentioned. In conclusion, I consider preventative measures for minimizing the number of babies that die each year. Return to Table of Contents Introduction Every eight seconds a baby is born in the United Sates (U.S.), and within one hour four babies die (1). The infant mortality rate (IMR) measures the rate at which babies die before their first birthday and is calculated per 1,000

Sleep Disorders in Babies

894 words - 4 pages about infant sleep loss perspective . But things can go wrong . Some parents may accidentally trigger the rest of their babies , by making it more difficult for them to sleep. In other cases , babies may suffer from medical problems or behavioral problems that interfere with sleep. Parents can also estimate the amount of their babies needs , making babies resist attempts anesthesia before bedtime. How can you tell if your baby is old enough

Analysis of The Human Respiratory System

778 words - 3 pages abnormalities. Diseases and conditions of the respiratory system can be caused by the inhalation of foreign bodies such as cigarette smoke, chemicals, allergens and other irritants. Not all people will develop respiratory ailments as a result of environmental factors, as genetics also play a role in the development of respiratory diseases. Asthma causes breathing difficulties due to inflammation of bronchi and bronchioles, this causes a restriction in the

Respiratory Dysfunction

2171 words - 9 pages What is respiratory muscular weakness? According to Tecklin, respiratory muscular weakness is a condition or disorder affecting any part in the chain of command in the neuromuscular process that produces a contraction of the respiratory musculature. This process can vary in severity from mild to irreversible. The mild and transient conditions can be treated with physical therapy interventions. The more serve cases include irreversible damage

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

1653 words - 7 pages imbalance between brainstem regions concerned with the automatic control of respiration. Evidence further suggests that inherent stress placed upon an immature sleep-respiratory system during post-natal development, due to upper respiratory infections, periods of apnea, or intrinsic maturation of sleep states, could precipitate a sudden respiratory crisis during sleep in a vulnerable infant unable to modulate a successful adaptation to such stresses

Similar Essays

Bronchiolitis Essay

1005 words - 5 pages obstruction of the small airways. It is the leading cause of infant hospitalization in the United States (Zorc & Hall 2010) and is arguably the most common significant medical illness of childhood, with at least “1 in 7 normal infants developing symptomatic bronchiolitis in his or her first year of life” (Alverson & Ralston, 2011). Bronchiolitis is the most common cause of severe respiratory infection in infancy, and typically occurs in

Case Study On A Three Year Old With Bronchiolitis

2035 words - 9 pages ). “Bronchiolitis is the commonest reason for admission to hospital in the first 6 months of life. It describes a clinical syndrome of cough tachypnoea, feeding difficulties and inspiratory crackles on chest auscultation” (Fitzgerald, 2011, p.160). Bronchiolitis can cause respiratory distress and desaturation (91% in the room air) to Liam due to airway blockage; therefore the infant appears to have nasal flaring, intercostal and subcostal

Premature Birth And Early Hospitalization Essay

2299 words - 9 pages mother to the baby. The antibodies help protect an infant from many infections and diseases, such as ear infections or respiratory infections (Natural Resources Defense Council, 2005). Breast milk of premature mothers contains hormones, protein, and growth factors that help a baby grow. Compared to formula, breast milk is easier for a premature infant’s stomach to digest and utilize (Buckey & Charles, 2006). Breastfeeding also provides a source of

The Continuing Mystery Of Sids Essay

3191 words - 13 pages abnormalities found within these infants prior to death. The list of proposed chronic abnormalities is lengthy. To this date, research has confirmed the following: 1) SIDS is due to a dysfunction of the cardiac and/or respiratory systems, and 2) the death of the infant is due to hypo-ventilation of the lungs and periods of complete cessation of breathing or apnea. Hypo-ventilation and apnea cause hypo-perfusion of the tissues with necessary oxygen