Infants and toddlers have the fastest developmental rate when compared to the other categories of developmental stages, such as, preschooler, school age, teen, and so on. There are significant improvements in their physical, psychosocial and cognitive development within their first few years. First, their motor skills dramatically improve through the first few years. Second, their developmental milestone throughout the sensorimotor phase. Third, the health risks that is commonly associated with infants/toddlers.
Cognitive, languages, social and physical are three areas in which a child can develop. From the head to its toe, infants begin to develop. Infant interacts with human faces and ...view middle of the document...
Palmar hand grasp is when a baby closes their and grips your finger. The placing reflex is when a baby extends his or her legs when the sole of the foot is touched. Plantar reflex is when a baby flexes their toes and forefoot. Rooting and sucking occurs when a baby turn their head in search of a nipple when his or her cheeks were touched. Stepping and walking naturally happen when a baby foot touches a surface while their body is being supported. The tonic neck response is when a baby extends their right arm when looking towards the right, along with bending their legs. The same thing happen looking to the other side.
Secondly, an infant’s mobility significantly increases around six to nine months in which there after they may begin to crawl. They are able to walk while an adult holds their hand. They sit, stand still, move slightly and can do so with little support for short time. They also relay on furniture and other object to hold their weight while standing up. Babies are smart and figure out things we are amazed of.
Third, Infants balance at nine months has greatly improved when compared to their earlier months because they can maintain their own balance. They are able to walk while holding on to furniture, while others are taking one or two steps. When they are closer to twelve months, some infants are already walking.
Sensorimotor phase of infancy is a part of their cognitive development. First, they experience perceptual recognition. Second, they are responsive to new stimuli and remember objects. Third, at approximately a year, they become aware of self.
Perceptual development occurs when babies develop an idea of where they are and learning their surroundings. During this time babies learn to associate objects with specific stimulus. For example, when a mother enters the room, a baby may anticipate hugs and kisses. Around this time babies are more open and receptive of new stimulus, such as, a new toy. Developmental progression in infants or toddlers is highly dependent on access to sensory information in the environment.
Third, self-awareness really develops more in the toddler years, they are able to look in the mirror and recognize their selves and others. They become aware that the face looking back at them is not just a familiar face, that it themselves. They start to recognize that they are...