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Infection Control Essay

852 words - 4 pages

There are innumerable ways in which infections and bacteria can be spread throughout many environments, especially in hospitals settings, this generally occurs as patients are often vulnerable. In this paper, the prevention of bacteria, infections and infection control will be discussed, as an act to hinder the spread of infections using hand hygiene. Strategies to prevent the spread of infection will be also discussed and explored through the use of an example case study of Mrs. Jones. 
 By using the case study of Mrs. Jones, the role of the nurse will be discussed, in relation to hand hygiene. When coming into contact with Mrs. Jones, or any patient, a nurse must only do so after ...view middle of the document...

Jones, one having an infection and is on Intravenous (IV) Antibiotics, the spread of infection in this scenario can occur quite simple. If the nurse on the ward neglected to wash their hands whilst attending to the patient with an infection, and they than attend to one of the other two patients, or Mrs. Jones, the likely hood of transmitting an infection is very high, as the nurse has not used appropriate or effective, or any hand hygiene, to lessen/eliminate the risk of transmitting infections to other patients.

The role of nurses in reducing the spread of infection
In an act to reduce the spread of infection, a nurse would practice good hand hygiene (WHO, 2014). Hand hygiene removes the bacteria (microorganisms) from a nurse’s hand, therefore it is successful in the prevention of cross-contamination, reducing of incidences of infections (Tollefson, 2012). Not only is prevention and control of infections a result of hand hygiene, it is also includes wearing personal protective equipment when appropriate (Dempsey, Hillege & Hill, 2014). for instance, the use of gloves, masks and gowns. 
 There are many ways in which infections can be prevented and controlled. Hand hygiene is considered the most effective infection control measures (Berman, A., Snyder, J., Kozier, B., Erb, G, 2012). There are also many steps to ensure that bacteria is reduced within the environment, these may include deBug/washing hands before and after procedures are taken place, after touching a patient and/or their belongings, visiting the toilet, handling waste/laundry/equipment, after eating or handling of food, using a computer and removing...

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