Background of the Issue
“Infection is the invasion of a host organism's bodily tissues by disease-causing organisms, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce (Infection)”. Infectious diseases, also known as transmittable diseases, vary in type depending on geographical location and/or climate. Although there are many effective cures for certain diseases, the vaccines are not readily available in third world countries and still developing countries. Diseases do not stop where borders end because they effect everyone and everything. Diseases of any kind lower the quality of life and people’s happiness (DIMUN Handbook).
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria and diagnosed by the growth of nodules and tissues in or on the lungs (Dictionary). In the year 2011, there were a reported 8.7 million cases of Tuberculosis (TB) around the world. 13 percent of those cases were paired with HIV. The death toll from TB in 2011 was around 1.4 million. Malaria is caused by a the red blood cells being invaded protozoan parasites that cause inconstant and uncontrollable fevers. Malaria is usually transmitted in tropical areas by mosquitos and other insects (Dictionary). Malaria causes an estimated 1 million deaths each year (DIMUN Handbook).
Current Events Surrounding the Issue
Due to the lack of clean water resources, South Africa has been implementing rainwater harvesters in hopes of using natural resources to increase freshwater availability within the country. Studies have shown that collecting rainwater can be dangerous in the form of bacteria and viruses in the water. This fact lead scientists to investigate the rainwater collectors in South Africa to determine if the water is safe for human consumption. The investigation has provided the undesirable news that the water contains many pathogens that cause deadly infectious diseases.
In California, researchers have identified a rare disease that resembles the though to be eradicated polio. Five children with this disease have been showing symptoms of polio. These children experienced paralysis in more that one limb and their conditions did not improve for several months. Three of the children’s...