Infertility And Religion Essay

1397 words - 6 pages

Science is advancing at a very speedy rate over the last few years. It has advanced so much that it can now produce babies without making a couple to have sexual intercourse!!There are a lot of problems about infertility amongst women. About 20% of the women in the world are infertile or they can't have babies. This can result in a great depression or emotional disturbance amongst the infertile women.Science has now found a solution, or shall we say solutions to this problem. You can now have your baby without adopting one, i.e. the baby will have all the characteristics or genes of its parents.The following are some of the treatments available to help infertile couples and also how it is done:(i) In-Vitro-Fertilisation (IVF):In this treatment, an egg is released from the ovary and united with a sperm. This union, which is called fertilisation, takes place in a test tube in a laboratory which provides correct conditions for fertilisation. If the fertilisation is successful, the embryo is then transferred to the womb of the mother, where its growth continues.(ii) Artificial Insemination by Husband (AIH):In this treatment, the egg of the mother is not extracted from her body. The husband's sperm is taken and is then injected into the mother's egg by medical means.(iii) Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID):This treatment is the same as the AIH, except that the sperm is from an unknown person, or a donor, i.e. the sperm of a donor is injected into the mother's womb by medical ways.(iv) Egg Donation:In this treatment, the husband's sperm is extracted and then it is fertilised with the egg of an unknown woman (donor) by the method of IVF and then it is placed into the mother's womb.(v) Embryo Donation:In this process, both the sperm and the egg are from unknown persons (donors), which are fertilised by the method of IVF and then placed into the womb of the mother.(vi) Surrogacy:This process is a complicated one, although it's the same the previous ones. In this treatment, their takes place either IVF or AIH or AID.(vii) Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):In this treatment, the sperm of the husband is taken and is processed. It is centrifuged and then only the sperms which are mobile and perfect are taken. These selected sperms are then injected into the mother's womb.(viii) Gestational Surrogacy (Host Uterus, Host IVF):Gestational Surrogacy (also known as host uterus) is an infertility treatment appropriate when a couple can form normal embryos but it is medically desirable or necessary for these embryos to develop within the womb (uterus) of a gestational carrier (host) rather than the biologic mother (egg donor). Gestational surrogacy (host uterus) can be a highly effective treatment but, as with conventional IVF, success cannot be guaranteed.(ix) Embryology:During IVF treatment, women are given drugs to help them produce more eggs - sometimes as many as 20 at a time. As a result, spare embryos are produced. By carrying out research on these embryos,...

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