In this day and age several factors have changed the definition of a family. We live in a time where careers, education, and work are now put before starting a family, making it more difficult to have children. The traditional family archetype has changed with a rise in single and homosexual parenting. This change, even though it is a positive one, can result in several people being unable to have children. Infertility treatments have become a popular option for these people who cannot have children. These treatments have become popular in books, movies, and other forms which has brought attention to the ethics of the practices. The ethics of these treatments are challenged by the health risks on people seeking treatments and their potential child, the morality of how embryos are used in these treatments, and the costs of these treatments. Although these treatments have their medical risks, anyone should have the option to use these treatments because they are often the only way they can have a child.
Infertility treatments are various types of medicines and medical technologies that aid pregnancy. Some forms of medicines used to treat infertility include hormone injections, fertility drugs, and ovulation drugs. Fertility medications and hormone injections increases the chances of a person to get pregnant or impregnate someone by aiding in the release of hormones to regulate specific reproductive processes such as sperm production or ovulation. Technology based infertility treatments, or more commonly known as ART-technology (assisted reproductive technology), include in-vitro fertilization, artificial insemination, and embryo/zygote transfers. Artificial insemination is a procedure where sperm is placed inside the uterus. In vitro fertilization, popularly known as the “test tube baby” procedure, is slightly different from artificial insemination because the sperm and egg are combined outside of the body and then put into the body after embryos are formed. (womenshealth.gov) Medicinal and technological treatments are often used together. These treatments help those seeking a child but cannot reproduce one.
The importance of infertility treatments can be seen in the values of family in our society. Family is one of the greatly valued things in all societies around the world. Parenthood is something many people plan to fulfill in their lives. (Bolvin) Parenthood is sometimes even seen as a rite of passage in adulthood. Growing old without a family can sometimes be interpreted as abnormal, less now than in the past. Those who are infertile may feel distressed that they are not able to become a parent, especially if it is one of their life goals. Infertility treatments are vital in giving infertile people the chance to fulfill their lives with a family.
Infertility treatments need to be available simply for the reason that they are helpful for people whose health conditions inhibit them from producing a child of their own. According to the CDC, 6%...