Influence Of The Roman Theater On Cicero’s Oration Pro Caelia By

2808 words - 11 pages

Influence of the Roman Theater on Cicero’s Oration Pro Caelia By

Cicero’s oration in defense of M. Caelius Rufus shows many substantive and stylistic borrowings from the Roman Theater, particularly the comedies of the 2nd century b.c.e. This would scarcely seem remarkable to Cicero, to employ such devices is only to make use of the tools of his trade, as a practical and practicing rhetorician. In this case using the theater as a framing device to guide his audience’s response.

So too would the judgments and emotions existing in the cultural reservoir of Greco-Roman, or Attic-Latin stage have met his division of purpose as he considered the permanent written speech, he would set down in the wake of the trial, however it was decided. Half a year back from exile and taking a case where he faced by proxy a personal enemy. Cicero wanted a note that would not only sound loudly when struck, but continue to reverberate. His message needed to rise clear of the verdict of the particular case.

Cicero was formally trained as a rhetorician - in Athens -at the Academy. To Cicero oratory was an all pervading endeavor. It was speaking to an audience for a purpose. He seems to accept the prevailing Greek definition of oratory as that division of speech concerned with legal cases and public debates (Cicero, Orator I 6, 22-23). without seeing it as distinct or separate from other speech as not to involve commonality.

In On the Orator I it is debated at one point whether oratory truly involves a comprehensive search for the good, or does the Orator merely use an appearance of the truth for effectiveness as part of a natural art or learned set of techniques (Cicero, Orator I 10, 42). Crassus’ somewhat dry answer to Scavola is to observe that the opinion of the Greeks was not to allow the rhetorician inclusion in genuine government affairs or learning (Cicero, Orator I 11, 46).

Cicero, by example of his own life takes a broad inclusive approach to Oratory. In a earlier statement we encounter words which probably reflect his own view closely: But the fact of the matter is that oratory is a much more considerable activity and depends on a far wider range of different arts and branches of study, than people imagine (Cicero, Orator I 4,16).Particularly Cicero seems interested in holding on to the orator’s special sphere - the third branch of Philosophy life and behavior of human beings which is to say, human nature (Cicero, Orator I 15, 69).

We hear of the orator’s special strength - to rouse men’s hearts to anger, hatred, and indignation (Cicero, Orator I 12,53), a not dissimilar goal to that of the dramatist. We find that a speaker’s job is to ensure that the feelings of his audience are affected just the way he wants them to be (19, 87). His Five Tasks of the orator (and to keep within the dignity of the theme) (Cicero, Orator I 38, 142-44) given in a following paragraph, are suitable instructions for any playwright or actor. Even at the beginning of...

Find Another Essay On Influence of the Roman Theater on Cicero’s Oration Pro Caelia By

Theater Of The Absurd Essay

936 words - 4 pages the Theater of the Absurd. In the works of Albee and Ionesco language, behavior, and structure are abnormal if compared to other plays. Language is a key factor that is presented as a weak form of communication throughout “The Future is in Eggs,” “The Zoo Story,” “The American Dream,” and “The Leader.”      The Language as represented throughout the plays written by both Ionesco and Albee are very important elements

Research paper on three Roman aspects of life: roman baths, roman theatre, and the roman army

1440 words - 6 pages out the gestures to fit the lines, along with backround music. Some things are represented by gestures, such as making the shape of a lyre with fingers to show music, or pretending to feed yourself, etc.Roman ArmyAlmost from the beginning on down to the 3rd century A.D., the Roman army based itself on legions. A legion could vary from 4,000 to 6,000 men, and was usually divided into ten cohorts. The leader was titled as legatus and his staff

Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization

569 words - 2 pages literature. Including the idea of putting on a play. One of history’s greatest writes, Homer, thought up of poems that are story size that we now call epic poems. But it was mainly through government that Greeks influenced the world. The other greatest influence on western civilization is the one of Ancient Rome. They formed a law code much like the ones used now a day in many countries. First to believe someone was innocent tell

Humanistic Ideas: Pica Della Mirandola's "Oration on the Digity of Man" and Baldassare Castiglione, "The Book of the Courtier."

988 words - 4 pages education. To humanists moral and ethical issues were related more to secular society than to spiritual concerns, and it was a shift in the focus of values to man and his affairs. Finally, the humanistic period set values on behaviors, creative thinking and helped develop the morals that were necessary for society in the Renaissance times.The humanists believed in Pico Della "Oration on the Dignity of Man", and of his dignity of boundless freedom

The History of Greek Theater

2443 words - 10 pages pleasurable experience. Aristotle, by searching the works of writers of Greek tragedy, Aeschulus, Euripides and Sophocles (whose Oedipus Rex he considered the finest of all Greek tragedies), arrived at his definition of tragedy. This explanation has a profound influence for more than twenty centuries on those writing tragedies, most significantly Shakespeare. Aristotle's analysis of tragedy began with a description of the effect such a work had on the

The Point of Theater Games

757 words - 3 pages on to it and it took others longer. Observation is the last key ingredient in theater success. As you can now see, theater games are just a load of fun with no purpose. They help you gain skills of observation, teamwork, and focus. All the games that we have played have helped us to develop at least one of these skills. Theater games help you to get your own definitions by acting things out, rather than looking up a word in the dictionary. Although theater games are extremely fun and a great way to spend a class period, you must be very attentive and listen carefully.

The History of Vaudeville Theater

670 words - 3 pages Ladies and gentlemen, boys and girls, there was a time in history, when a brand new style of entertainment swept the nation. It changed the very way that Americans would perform in theaters, while illustrating the creativity of people with an eagerness to entertain. The The development of vaudeville theater had a significant impact on America by providing people of all ages with a new source of entertainment, a new type of music/ theater

The History of Greek Theater

2033 words - 8 pages andPlatus, had imitated and adapted his methods. Menander's TheCurmudgeon is the only complete extant play known by him to date, andit served as the basis for the later Latin writers to adapt.Adventure, brilliance, invention, romance and scenic effect,together with delightful lyrics and wisdom, were the gifts of theGreek theater. These conventions strongly affected subsequent playsand playwrights, having put forth influence on theater throughout thecenturies.

Pro-Life: The Opposite of Pro-Death

998 words - 4 pages Pro-Life: The Opposite of Pro-Death Careful attention to the truth has never been standard operating procedure for pro-abortion advocates. Therefore, it should not be any suprise that half-truths, and misrepresentations, and many outright lies have permeated the pro-abortion propaganda campaign. Pro-choice is just a phrase used by people who know the absurdity of legal abortions and infanticide. Pro-life advocates have a more simple

The Influence of the Family Members on the Life of Francie Nolan by Betty Smith

795 words - 3 pages The Influence of the Family Members on the Life of Francie Nolan The main character in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith, is certainly the brilliant and resourceful Francie Nolan, however, three other characters in the novel deserve credit for guiding Francie through her troublesome childhood. Francie Nolan grows up in the slums of Williamsburg, Brooklyn in the early 1900s. Despite Francie’s lifestyle of poverty and distress, she manages

History of the Drive-In Movie Theater

1804 words - 7 pages History of the Drive-In Movie Theater The story of the drive-in movie theater begins with one man. That man was Richard Milton Hollingshead, Jr., born on February 25, 1900, the "father" of the drive-in. The drive-in got its humble beginnings in the driveway of Hollingshead’s Riverton, New Jersey home, at 212 Thomas Avenue. This is where his first experimentations took place. Setting a 1928 Kodak projector on the hood of the family car, he

Similar Essays

An Essay On Theater Of The Absurd

514 words - 2 pages An essay on Theater of the absurdThe issues involving Theater of the absurd has been a popular topic amongst scholars for many years. I find my self constantly drawn back to the subject of Theater of the absurd. While it is becoming a hot topic for debate, Theater of the absurd is not given the credit if deserves for inspiring many of the worlds famous painters. Since it was first compared to antidisestablishmentarianism much has been said

The Influence Of The Roman Catholic Church

1299 words - 5 pages The Roman Catholic Church had complete influence over the lives of everyone in medieval society including their beliefs and values. The Church’s fame in power and wealth had provided them with the ability to make their own laws and follow their own social hierarchy. With strong political strength in hand, the Church could even determine holidays and festivals. It gained significant force in the arts, education, religion, politics as well as

The Roman Empire And Its Influence On Western Civilization

1503 words - 6 pages The Roman Empire and Its Influence on Western Civilization      Rome's vast empire lasted for an amazing one thousand-year reign. Half of it referred to as the republic, and the other as the empire. However, after its fall in 5oo-a.d. Rome has still remained in existence through its strong culture, architecture, literature, and even religion (Spielvogel 175). Even after its disappearance as a nation Rome left behind a legacy that will never

Ancient Roman Society Influence On The United States

1426 words - 6 pages is not without influence on us here in the United States. Rome’s influences included aspects ranging from their public benefits, to their use of glass, to their use of concrete, to their administration system. But, there are three influences of Ancient Rome that still reverberate through time and still have an incredible impact in our society. The first influence that Rome gave us would be their form of government, specifically their Republic Era