On the edge of XIX-XX centuries the capitalism of the free competition had turned into imperialism – monopolitical capitalism (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.). The growing social production and private capitalist appropriation of it, labour of ones and profit of others were the main processes owing to the aggravation of working class and bourgeoisie. The political parties of social army had started to form. In many countries of Western Europe, the socialist movements had appeared, where wide strata of working class participated in left-wing parties and trends (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.). The system of imperialism as a whole, had ripen for social revolutions of the new type – proletariat. As a result of unequal distribution of wealth and social cataclysms of post-war periods paved the way for breaking the chain of imperialism. Russia appeared to be that weak link in the chain of imperialism. The Russian Revolution influenced Western World to change, infecting working class to revolt globally against imperialism, the crisis of colonialism had started.
Russian Revolution of October 1917 was the child of the antagonism of classes in contradictory imperialism. It started in poorly ruled environment of Tsarism, prepared by previous revolutions of 1905-6 (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.30). “So ready was Russia for social revolution that masses treated the fall of Tsar as a proclamation of universal freedom, equality and direct democracy. The uncontrolled masses transformed into Bolshevik power” (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.36). Many political parties had arose, however, not many of them knew how to rule the huge country. As country mainly was agrarian with more than eighty per-cent of peasants, who were hungry, landless and tired of the endless wars, Bolsheviks who represented the major “ruling worker party” at the time went for the demands of majority seeking the popularity (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.55). Slogans like, ‘Bread, Peace, Land’ received huge support in masses not only in Russia, but also in Eastern and Western Europe (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.55).
Post-revolutionary Russia appeared to be the first state in the history of dictatorship of proletariat. The working class began the creation of new society, which captivated more than one third of humanity to live under regimes directly derived from October Revolution (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.57). It had major international repercussion – all Europe had become a pile of social explosives ready for ignition at the core of October revolution (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.58). But at the head of Russian revolution was universal influence, world of proletariat and socialism. It was understandable why working class all over the Europe arose for socialist movements – they were in need of land and peace, especially during the World War I/II periods. Surely, October revolution “was recognized as a world-shaking event” (Hobsbawm, 1995, p.76).
Instead, bourgeoisie of capitalistic Europe found it very offensively. The post-world war I global map was divided into two camps:...