Influence from Global History 1500-1900
As educators we need to remember that the things we have today come from our past. Every action, every thought, or even question that might have been raised wouldn’t of been answered if it wasn’t from brave people willing to question the what if and wanted to know how? Could you image a world that didn’t have computers? Illness was because of a curse or evil has gotten to you, or even knowing that our planet was once considered flat and that we would fall off the edge if we sailed out to the deep. Before the 21st century this was life and I am going to show how a spark started the domino effect known as the Enlightenment Period.
The Enlightenment period refers to the time in 18th century known in European philosophy as the Age of Reason. This movement answered questions set up from the Scientific Revolution, focused on question in society and around the world. Thinkers questioned the long order of the Catholic religious authority and opened the doors for new religions as well as political freedom. This opened the idea of whether the church can rule state or was there a need for a modernized society. The movement sparked the American and French Revolutions, the Latin American independence, as it saw the rise of capitalism and birth of socialism.
The English political philosopher John Locke advocated that the government’s main purpose was to protect the three natural rights of man, which is life, liberty, and property (Bristow, 2010). This had majority of influence on the Enlightenment's changes and revolution because according to Locke the people should have the right to rebel and overthrow a monarch if they were to violate any of these rights. These three rights alternated the French government by turning it from an absolute Monarchy to a Representative Democracy and it influenced the political change in other countries as well. The three natural rights of man was the frame work that Thomas Jefferson used to develop the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson made these right the first part of the declaration stating that we can have Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
During the age of enlightenment the philosophers were the movers of the Enlightenment. The enlightenment that the philosopher Montesquieu brought to the people was his choice to have separation of power and created the three branches of government. The first branch was the legislative branch, which established the laws. The executive branch that enforced the laws, and the third branch, which was judicial and they were the enforcers of the law. This changed from the monarchs ruling everything to an establish government system. The three branches of government had their powers equally divided. These events instituted the constitution and helped to establish the government we had today.
The philosopher Voltaire wanted to ensure that people had rights where they would be treated fairly. He established the freedom of speech,...