This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Influential Composers Of The Late 20th Century

998 words - 4 pages

Influential Composers Of The Late 20th Century

Composers’ techniques matured throughout the 20th century, as did listeners’ ears.Thus, it becomes progressively harder to pinpoint influential musicians.One must distinguish between those simply continuing the modern tradition, and those truly breaking barriers.

Robert Dick, dubbed “Hendrix of the flute” is one obvious boundary-breaker. (Dick)Born in New York City, Dick’s studies at the School for Music and Art were supplemented by lessons with acclaimed flutists Henry Zlotnik and Julius Baker.He attended Yale, receiving a B.A. in 1971 and a composition Master’s in 1973.

Dick’s most notable contribution to music is his revolution of the flute.He realized the flute’s limited color palette and one-note-at-a-time capability was incompatible with “an environment where the pace of change is accelerating…The flute sound of the future will be yet more powerful and colorful…” (Dick).Inspired by world music, jazz, rock, and electronic music, Dick made accessible the colorful extended technique spectrum: jet whistles, harmonics, throat tuning, multiphonics, whisper tones, circular breathing.Dick did not INVENT all these techniques.(Circular breathing has been a long-established tradition—especially for Bulgarian kaval flutes and Rajasthan’s Narh flutes).But, it is through Dick’s advocacy that these techniques are becoming accepted practice.His tutorial method books have been hailed “the definitive instructor” (Dick).

Circular Breathing for the Flutist provides detailed analysis of the technique, visual aids, and step-by-step instruction that focuses on developing correct embouchure before applying more detailed coordination.After only 6 months of daily 10-15 minute practice, flutists are able to incorporate circular breathing into regular playing.Achieving artistic mastery takes another 2 years. Dick urges flutists, “Don’t let…what you have been taught inhibit your desire to play something.” (Rudduck).

This attitude propelled Dick’s invention of the glissando headjoint.A self-proclaimed Jimi Hendrix fanatic, Dick collaborated with Brannen Brothers Flutemakers to produce a “whammy bar” counterpart for flute.The glissando headjoint (still in final production) is on a mechanism enabling the flute body to slide out and in, producing downward and upward glissandi.Dick’s invention also functions as a regular-pitch headjoint. (mypage.uniserve.ca)

Another native New Yorker, Aaron Copland is also a vastly important musical character.Born in Brooklyn, November 14, 1900, he lived above his family’s Washington Avenue department store for 20 years.


Copland compared his discovery of music to “coming upon an unexpected city…like discovering Paris or Rome if you never before heard of their existence” (http://voodoo)Not until age 12 were Copland’s natural piano skills unearthed.At 17, Copland began dabbling in composition, guided by Manhattan-based mentor, Rubin Goldmark.Eventually, Copland...

Find Another Essay On Influential Composers Of The Late 20th Century

The Legacy of Perceptions of Interracial Relationships as Demonstrated in Late 19th and Early 20th Century Black Literature and Events

2057 words - 8 pages The Legacy of Perceptions of Interracial Relationships as Demonstrated in Late 19th and Early 20th Century Black Literature and Events The history of interracial relationships in America is a painfully loaded issue which is still evolving in the consciousness of the 20th century. Because the first instances of sexual integration occurred under the institution of slavery, our understanding of them is necessarily beset with dominance, violence

The Reasons Why Many People in the Late 20th Century are so Attracted to Celebrities

836 words - 3 pages The Reasons Why Many People in the Late 20th Century are so Attracted to Celebrities Many people in the 20th century are very attracted to celebrities. Celebrities are singers, models, film stars, politicians – anybody who is famous and constantly in the limelight. The extent to which people in the late 20th century are fascinated by celebrities can be seen in the extensive media coverage of every detail of their lives as

The Brain Drain and Revolution in the Late 19th and Early 20th Century China

1693 words - 7 pages civilization (Bary 661). The transnational character of China’s development from the late 19th century to the present day owes much to this “clash of civilizations.” Change, however, was neither all positive nor without opposition. In fact, the late Qing Empire’s encounter with Western civilization was necessarily heralded by guns, warships, and other new instruments of Western military might. The narrative of China’s dynastic glory was replaced with a

India in the late 19th century. To what extent could India be considered a 'nation' in the late 19th to early 20th centuries?

698 words - 3 pages Late nineteenth to early twentieth century India, was directly controlled by Great Britain, and therefore, in name, it was a colony of the British Empire and not a nation of its own. However, India could be described as a nation, as the result of India's ability to be self-governing and self-sufficient and the Indian peoples' desire for self-government, as well as various aspects of Indian culture, such as religion, language, customs, and

"Are Marx's views on social class applicable to late 20th century capitalist society?"

1488 words - 6 pages done. (Lander 2001:71) The Capitalist class must keep the underclasses oppressed for fear of losing money and power.The means of production within Australia are indisputably concentratedamongst a powerful few. Furthermore, the 'average concentration of Australianmanufacturing industry had increased between 1972-73 and 1986-87' (Edgar, Earle& Fopp 1993:196). Late 20th Century Capitalist society, both within Australia and globally, is seeing an

Feminism in the Late 20th and 21st Century in Western Europe and North America Compared to Feminism in Middle Eastern Countries

1770 words - 7 pages Thesis My thesis will be based on Feminism in the late 20th and 21st century in Western Europe, North America and compared to Feminism in middle eastern countries. I want to focus my thesis on why feminism is still necessary and how feminist art makes a difference in either culture I have been researching sexuality and politics, the use of the Word 'feminazi' as a way of degrading the feminist movement, and terms like "modern-day feminist

Sporks - The Utensils of the 20th Century

858 words - 3 pages Sporks - The Utensils of the 20th Century Over the past century, fast food restaurants have been booming. Chains of restaurants such as McDonald’s, Wendy’s, Rally’s, Taco Bell, and Burger King have revolutionized society with fast, inexpensive, tasty foods that can be ordered across the country. With these new eateries, plastic utensils have also gained popularity. The drive-up window makes metal utensils obsolete. Customers would drive away

The World Of The 20th Century

1007 words - 5 pages century, there has been conflict between the Hutus and the Tutsis and the genocide in Rwanda. Overall, the common cause of the conflict between these countries is communism, racial/ethnic differences, and terrorism. One could claim that a common cause of conflict in the third world is the rise and fall of communism. Many countries in the third world experience communism like the Soviet Union with Stalin and Russia in general, China with Mao, and

Theodore Roosevelt: Icon Of the 20th Century

1272 words - 5 pages have led; a happier life in every way. Roosevelt was of the opinion that as the President he was a, Steward of the people and should do whatever he was allowed to for the publics good. He worked endlessly on matters both seemingly big and small showing a sheer determination for all he did. The power he had was used greatly in matters of foreign policy, domestic policy and progressivism. The changes he made in politics showed what great influence he had, not only did he introduce important acts but he opened the way for further progression to take place. Theodore Roosevelt was by far one of the most influential presidents of the 20th century.

Sporting Legends of the 20th Century: Pelé

909 words - 4 pages spokesperson."Pelé dominated the soccer world for 22 years. In that time, he single-handedly changed the face of soccer. He played every game with a passion matched only by that of his fans throughout the world." (Henry Kissinger). An inspiration to all who love the game, he truly was a sporting legend of the 20th Century.

Guerrilla Warfare Leaders of the 20th Century

2115 words - 9 pages the 20th century, various factions employed urban guerrilla tactics cited in Marighella’s book. The Weather Underground Organization, generally known as the Weather Underground or Weathermen attacked government buildings and banking institutions in the United States. Their goal was to overthrow the U.S. government. Historical Significance (cont.) IRA leader, Michael Collins used tactics similar to Marighella by forming an assassination unit

Similar Essays

Significant Changes In World History From Late 19th Century To The End Of The 20th Century

1618 words - 6 pages , and has drastic social consequences as well.From the late 19th to the end of the 20th century, the world changed tremendously. Influential political leaders have come and gone. Colonies have become countries. However, there has been one noticeable constant that has maintained the hierarchy in the geo-political, social and economic landscape; The dominance of the West in world affairs. However, during this time period, this dominance has changed

Zora Neale Hurston And Maya Angelou: Influential Writers Of The 20th Century

758 words - 4 pages Zora Neale Hurston and Maya Angelou are arguably the most influential writers of the mid 20th century . Their work has inspired young African Americans to have more confidence in their own abilities. Their work has also been studied and taught countless times in many schools across the U.S. But the main reason why their work is considered classics in American literature; is because their work stands as testament to the treatment, and struggles

Nationalism And Racism In The Late 19th And 20th Century

1247 words - 5 pages In the late 19th century, with the squelching of the revolutions of 1848, many Europeans still desired reforms. In this desire, the longing for unification began to gain ground. As the probability of unification in places, such as, Germany and Italy began to intensify, Europeans with liberal views quickly began to entertain a nationalistic way of thinking. Many leaders of this school of thought were supporters of, British statesman, Benjamin

Aunt Jemima's Advertising Campaign From The Late 19th To The Late 20th Century

1995 words - 8 pages "slave mammy," she looks more like a mid-level executive in the food-service industry. There are many reasons why people like or dislike advertisements. White people in the late 19th and early 20th century loved the advertisement campaign for Aunt Jemima because it made them feel superior yet close to the Aunt Jemima figure that resembled their slave. But in the same situation where someone might love the advertisement for making them feel