Influential Factors Of Human Intelligence Essay

1403 words - 6 pages

Human intelligence is an enigma that continues to intrigue scientists around the world after its inception with the creation of humanity. Human intelligence is defined by the Encyclopedia Britannica as the “mental quality that consists of the abilities to learn from experience, adapt to new situations, understand and handle abstract concepts, and use knowledge to manipulate ones environment”. (“Human intelligence”) In order to evaluate human intelligence, we must quantify human intelligence. The intelligence quotient, also known as IQ, is a measure of cognitive ability. The general factor, which is abbreviated as the g factor, is also a measure of cognitive ability. The g factor may be obtained by isolating elements of an IQ test through a sequence of tests to provide a more specific measure of intelligence. Human intelligence is influenced by two factors, nature and nurture. Nature and nurture are both important factors that shape human intelligence. However, one has a more significant effect than the other. It is imperative to recognize the more important factor of the two in order to better understand intelligence and its development. By evaluating the factors in depth, we become closer to identifying what causes individuals to succeed and what causes individuals to fail. We become a step closer to identifying and preventing stimuli causing failure and we become a step closer in identifying and promoting stimuli causing success, whether it be inherited or learned.
As humans, we differ in our ability to learn, but no matter the differences the mere fact of our capacity to apply what we learn when required sets us apart from all other species. We apply our innate cognitive abilities to ponder the unknown to reach theories, which we test with logic. We derive logic from what we have observed, tested, and learned. We are exposed to unfamiliar situations, which we attempt to make familiar by applying our cognitive abilities to acclimate. We attempt to ascertain the intelligence of other species in comparison to humans and find that although existent, no intelligence rivals human intelligence. Human intelligence is remarkable in its complexity and uniqueness. Since the intelligence of all other species is negligible when compared to a human’s intelligence, a human’s intelligence must be contrasted only by another human’s intelligence. The only existing rival to a human’s intelligence is another human’s intelligence. Quantifying intelligence allows for comparison between individuals of different sexes, races, ethnicities and other diversifying backgrounds. In order to quantify intelligence the use of a test called Intelligent Quotient test, IQ test, must be unbiased toward any background and must examine the test takers conceptual aptitude. Since IQ and the g factor have strong correlation a person with a high IQ score is likely to have a greater g factor and a person with a low IQ score likely to have a lesser g factor. Determining an...

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