Republic of Uganda is the multiparty democratic republic. A constitutional referendum in July 2005 cancelled ban on multi-party politics.
The President of Uganda, currently Lt Gen Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, is both head of the state and head of the government. President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. Additionally, the constitutional term limit for the presidency was changed in 1995 from the previous two-term limit, to enable the current president to continue in active politics. Next elections anticipated to be held in 2016.
The President appoints a Vice-President, and a prime minister, who assists the president in the supervision of the cabinet. Cabinet is appointed by the ...view middle of the document...
FDC is led by Kizza Besigye. Other small and negligible political parties, performed poorly in previous election.
There are a number of militant and rebel groups acting in the country. Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) is a militant group that has been engaged in the military conflict with the Ugandan government for 20 years, led by Joseph Kony. LRA is known for the abduction of around 30,000 children, who are forced to become rebels or concubines.
Another rebel group of Peoples redemption Army is based in Eastern DR Congo. The Ugandan government claims the group is supported by Rwanda and is linked to the opposition leader Kizza Besigye. Both denied the links. One more violent rebel group Allied Democratic Front is based in Western Uganda and DR Congo, it is considered an affiliate of Al-Shabaab in Somali.
Factional fighting between the leaders of the principal ethnic groups across the South Sudan is a serious threat for Uganda because it would mean the emergence of civil conflict, if not civil war in South Sudan. Instability in South Sudan is a risk for Ugandan economy, because Sudan is an important Uganda’s export partner, and Uganda is a key destination for Sudanese refugees.
Museveni and his closer advisers increasingly view Arabs and Muslims as a terrorist threat to both Uganda and Africa generally. Therefore, Uganda long supported the Sudan People’s Liberation Army in its fight for independence from the Sudanese government in Khartoum, and now willingly fights al-Shabaab, which it regards as an extension of al Qaeda, in Somalia.
There are many areas which continue to attract concern when it comes to human rights in Uganda. Conflict in the northern parts of the country continues to generate reports of abuses by both the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), and the Ugandan Army. A UN official accused the LRA in February 2009 of "appalling brutality" in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Child labour is common in Uganda. Many child...