Information Processing During The Performance Of Skills In Physical Education

3078 words - 12 pages

Information Processing during the Performance of Skills in Physical Education

Response time is the total period of time from the presentation of a
stimulus to the completion of the response. It consists of two main
periods, reaction time and movement time.

The speed at which we make decisions is called our reaction time. In
terms of sporting activities, it is important to be able to respond to
a stimulus quickly because it allows the performer to be in greater
control. Reaction time is also made up of smaller units.

In athletics, during a 100m race, a fast reaction time is imperative
for optimum performance. The quicker the athlete is able to respond to
the starting gun, the quicker they are able to get out of the blocks
allowing them to dominate the race (assuming that they have the
strength to sprint at a consistently fast pace).

The time period it takes for an athlete to initiate an action and
complete it is called the movement time. Movement time is dependant on
the strength and type of the muscle fibre contained within the muscle,
and the level of technique that the athlete has acquired.

During a 100m race, the time it takes for the athlete to push out of
the blocks until the point at which the athlete crosses the finish
line is known as the movement time.

Warning given Stimulus detected Decision to respond Action complete

Stimulus Stimulus Action

(gun) Recognised Initiated

1 2 3 4 5

Reaction time Movement time

Response time the diagram above shows:.

- Warning given: these are the words "take your marks………… set" spoken

by the official.

- Stimulus is presented: this is the sound of the gunfire.

- 1: this denotes the time it takes from the presentation of the
stimulus

to the point at which the athletes ears detect the sound. This time is

known as the stimulus transmission time.

- Stimulus detected: the athletes' ears detect the sound.

- 2: this denotes the time it takes for the athlete to make sense of
the

stimulus i.e. recognise it.

- Stimulus recognised: the point at which the athlete becomes aware
that Heidegger the sound was the cue to begin movement.

- 3: this denotes the time it takes for the athlete to decide whether
to

respond to the stimulus (Decision Time).

- Decision to respond: occurs when the athlete decides to move away

from the blocks.

- 4: this denotes the nerve transmission time, whereby the decision to

respond must be sent to the relevant muscles.

- Action initiated: the muscles receive instructions to move,
therefore

initiating the pushing away from the blocks. - 5: denotes the time
taken from the point at which the movement action

is initiated, to the point at which the action is completed. - Action
complete: this is the point at which the decided response to the
...

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