The potential of providing information or sharing information with agencies or personnel without proper authorization can be detrimental to the mission and the personnel involved. Working in a Joint/Combined nature of the Contemporary Operational Environment (COE) leads to numerous considerations of security when it comes to information sharing and intelligence productions. COE is the combination or current and near term operational environment variables with capabilities. It is based on the composite of potential adversaries in order to create a wide array of conditions necessary for full spectrum training and leader development. Sea, land, air, and space make up the COE in both the physical and technological aspect (Headquarters Department of the Army, 2010).
Due to the September 11, 2001 incident, the President has mandated and Congress has written into Law, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and Presidential Executive Order 13356, which prescribes a standard across the board for Joint Forces to conduct information sharing and intelligence production. The intent is to maximize knowledge and situational awareness in order to become more proactive in fighting terrorism and be more successful in accomplishment of the mission in the COE.
Consideration for both the Joint (Department of Defense agencies to include the Armed Forces) and the Combined (United Nations and Allies) forces in the COE will be observed throughout this document. The Combined COE has far more in-depth security concerns than Joint, however when working in Joint COE there are considerations of structure and mission in each of the forces individually. The basic standards for Security requirements and procedures are established in DoD 5200.1-R, Information Security Program, and must be enforced throughout the DoD. However, the implementation of the security requirements and procedures amongst the military branches varies dependent upon their individual regulations and upon their mission. These differences lead to difficulties in interpretation of the information shared and the products that are disseminated.
The Army uses Army Regulation (AR) 380-5, Department of the Army Information Security Program, as the main information classification and procedure guide. Tactics include training on a continuous basis, ensuring that personnel records are up to date, and keeping guidelines such as a tactical standard operating procedure (TACSOP) and mission essential task list (METL) to follow. For example, the Army carries out a ground mission (Combat Arms) and is structured in such a way that each Brigade is self-sufficient.
The Air Force is responsible for air assets, to include fighters, equipment/personnel transports, and Unmanned Arial Vehicles (UAV) to name a few. They are also broken down into mission units and have their own support system and intelligence units. Their primary mission is to provide support to the Army.
The Marines and Navy mission focus is the sea or ocean. They...