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Information Society Essay

820 words - 4 pages

To begin with, it is necessary to consider the information life cycle, which consists in transforming information to knowledge and knowledge to information. When you find different types of data that is a random collection of facts in the outside world, later you give them some context and thereby this organized data is converted to information now. Then, this information with a value or a meaning, when it is interpreted is turned into knowledge. So it is transformed into information that you communicate and share with others and in this way, the same cycle starts. To sum up, information is random and miscellaneous and, conversely, knowledge is ordered and cumulative.
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On the other hand, Marc Porat (1977) distinguished the primary and secondary information sectors of the economy. The primary has an atribuible market price so it is easy to value economically, on the contrary the secondary sector is harder to price and involves information produced by state institutions. Besides, this theorist distinguishes the non-informational elements of the economy. Nevertheless, there are also difficulties as there are hidden value judgments and interpretations to determine what to include and exclude from the information sector. Another difficulty is that data is homogenised and consequently it is difficult to differentiate between quantitative and qualitative indices of an information society.
Another subject in the Information Society is focused on the occupational change. Following the view of Daniel Bell (1976), we are in an information society due to the most of occupations nowadays consists of information workers. At first sight, it seems easy to allocate workers to specific categories but in fact it is a difficult matter. For instance, people who repair photocopiers, may know little about products other than the one for which they were trained and may have to work in uncomfortable circumstances like a worker of the industrial age but they are classified as information workers because they work with new machines. As consequence, there is a failure to identify strategically central information professions.

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