Informative Speech On Anorexia

1111 words - 4 pages

TOPIC: Anorexic ORGANIZATION PATTERN: Topical GENERAL PURPOSE: Inform SPECIFIC PURPOSE: To Inform the audience of anorexic disease THESIS STATEMENT: Anorexia is an extremely serious disease that strikes a large number of Americans.INTRODUCTION I was Julie's best friend. I watched her grow from a little girl who doted on by her parents into a tomboy who carried frogs in her pockets. I watched her become a young woman, fussing with her hair and trying on every outfit in her closet before her first date. I always wanted to be like her.But then something went terribly wrong. Julie's shiny hair became dull and brittle. Her eyes lost their sparkle, and she didn't smile that brilliant smile anymore. I watched now, as she stepped onto the scale seven times a day, wore baggy clothes to cover her shriveled frame, and kept muttering about losing those last two stubborn pounds. Julie had become anorexic.One in every 100 teenage females in American suffers from anorexia, and the New York Times says this number is rising by 5 percent every year. Although this disease does strike men, says the Times, 90 percent of its victims are women, and 44 percent of those victims are college-age females.From my research and my personal experience with Julie, I have discovered that anorexia is an extremely serious disease that strikes a large number of Americans. Today I will tell you what anorexia is, what causes it, and what methods are used to treat it.BODY I. Let's start by examining what anorexia is.A. Anorexia nervosa, one of a number of eating disorders, is a disorder of self-starvation. Simply put, a person who is anorexic refuses to eat normal amounts of food.1. An article in Maclean's states that there are four characteristics of all anorexics: i. (1) refusal to maintain normal body weight, ii. (2) loss of more than 15 percent of original body weight, iii. (3) a distorted image of one's own body, and iv. (4) an intense fear of becoming fat.B. The refusal of anorexics to eat has many serious physical consequences.1. Hair and skin become dry and brittle, and a fine growth of hair may cover the entire body in an attempt to compensate for a lower body temperature.2. As the anorexia progresses, lack of calcium causes bones become brittle and break easily. According to an article in Sports Illustrated, "The X-rays of a young person who has been anorexic for five to six years and those of a 70-year-old are almost identical." Lack of nutrition can also cause brain damage, blackouts, and a decreased pulse rate. In the most severe cases, anorexia can prove fatal.C. In Julie's case, she suffered from many of the symptoms of anorexia. I saw her 5'7" frame drop to eighty-six pounds. She became weak and pale. Even in the middle of the summer, she was cold all the time. I just wanted to say to her, "Julie, please, can't you see what you're doing to yourself!" But, like most anorexia, she just couldn't see.TRANSITION: What causes people like Julie to become anorexic? .II....

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