This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Informed Consent Among Prisoners Ethics Essay

1188 words - 5 pages

Professional Ethics Opinion #2Prisoners can give informed consent freely depending on the imprisonment they are serving. If they are imprisoned in a psychiatric facility, then they should not be able to give informed consent because they are not in the right mind to give the consent. However, if they were imprisoned criminally, which I will assume, then possibly they would be in the right mind to make this kind of judgment. Looking at the fact that they have no rights as citizens and have been confined, it may be possible for them not to. For this discussion, I will assume they are in the right mind.Dictionary.com defines informed consent as "Consent by a patient to a surgical or medical ...view middle of the document...

With this understanding, the informed consent process should be seen as an invitation to him to participate in his health care decisions. The physician is also generally obligated to provide a recommendation and share her reasoning process with the patient. Comprehension on the part of the patient is equally as important as the information provided. This is where it may become difficult to a psychiatric patient. Consequently, the discussion should be carried on in layperson's terms and the patient's understanding should be assessed along the way.Basic consent entails letting the patient know what you would like to do and asking them if that will be all right. Basic consent is appropriate, for example, when drawing blood. Decisions that merit this sort of basic informed consent process require a low-level of patient involvement because there is a high-level of community consensus.The opposite side of the spectrum says that because of this person being denied rights based on their imprisonment, then they shouldn't be allowed to make this kind of decision. I think that when rights are denied in this manner, it does not apply to information. All people have the right to be informed. If this prisoner wants to subject himself to medical experimentation after knowing the risks, then so be it. It is not going to change the fact that he is being punished. For this person it would probably be something to do to pass time while rotting away in prison. We certainly shouldn't deny them that.There was a case study done on this matter. In 1971, Philip Zimbardo conducted an experiment for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on the Judiciary (Hearings on Prison Reform) on whether innate dispositions or situational factors influence prison behavior. He constructed a "prison" in the basement of the Stanford psychology building and chose a group of "decent, intelligent" college men as his subject group. Their roles as either "prisoners" or "guards" were decided by the toss of a coin. The "guards" were given uniforms, Billy clubs and whistles while the "prisoners" were made to wear humiliating outfits resembling hospital gowns. This experiment was to be two weeks long, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.Within a single day the "guards" developed degrading routines in which they forcefully made the "prisoners" carry out. Reality and illusion began to blur, as the majority "were no longer able to differentiate...

Find Another Essay On Informed Consent Among Prisoners-Ethics

“Her name was Henrietta Lacks:” Discussing the Bioethical Issues presented in The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

1027 words - 5 pages immortal cell line that has been used widely in research. The unfortunate part of the situation was while scientists were profiting from their work with the HeLa cells, Lacks’ family was living in poverty without proper health insurance or the knowledge of Henrietta’s contribution to science. The case of Henrietta Lacks draws attention to the bioethical issues of informed consent, beneficence, not using people as a means to an end, and spreading

A Study of Prisoners and Guards in a Simulated Prison - Sociology 101 - Term Paper

1324 words - 6 pages , including lack of fully informed consent by participants as Zimbardo himself did not know what would happen in the experiment (it was unpredictable). Also, the prisoners did not consent to be 'arrested' at home. Also, participants playing the role of prisoners were not protected from psychological harm, experiencing incidents of humiliation and distress. For example, one prisoner had to be released after 36 hours because of uncontrollable bursts

Healthcare Professional's Obligations on Informed Consent - University of Alberta, PHIL 386 - Essay

1371 words - 6 pages Consent Autonomy, which is the individual's ability to govern oneself, is the main ethical consideration underlying informed consent. According to Canadian Medical Association Code of Ethics (2004), the patients’ right to make health related decisions must be respected by all physicians. For consent to be fully informed, patients rely on the information provided by their doctors. Therefore, physicians have the responsibilities to provide patients with

Informed Consent

1409 words - 6 pages need to be knowledgeable and well trained (Pranati, 2010). Most people define ethics as their morals and values they use to make choices in life. Ethics are standards supported by consistent and substantiated explanations. Informed consent is important as the essential written contract between the participant and the researcher. This is the participant’s agreement to willingly consent to participating in the research study. The researcher must

Informed Consent

1977 words - 8 pages Informed consent is the basis for all legal and moral aspects of a patient’s autonomy. Implied consent is when you and your physician interact in which the consent is assumed, such as in a physical exam by your doctor. Written consent is a more extensive form in which it mostly applies when there is testing or experiments involved over a period of time. The long process is making sure the patient properly understands the risk and benefits

Informed Consent

2275 words - 10 pages seriously. Like Henrietta Lacks many other patients suffered from not receiving informed consent, even people before her time. In the 1940’s in Tuskegee Alabama researchers did a study on the natural history of untreated syphilis. By doing so they did not inform black males that they had syphilis and denied them treatment even after treatment was founded in 1947. During WWII Nazi’s in Germany was conducting research on prisoners in concentration camps

Ethics: Muslim Prisoners

1714 words - 7 pages . Muzammil had received consent from authorities to be there and had also received consent from the prisoners to interview them, however that is as far as it went regarding informing them. It is justifiable because Muzammil wants to keep a certain secrecy to avoid having the research corrupted. Having a veiled research objective potentially accomplishes that while still remaining on the good side of the moral compass by having both the consent of

Informed consent or doctor knows best? Legal issues in Nursing

1082 words - 4 pages Journal 21, 703.Emanuel E. and Emanuel L. (1992); Four models of physician-patient relationship;Journal of American Medical Association 267, 2221-6.Gauthier G.G.(2000); Moral responsibility and respect for autonomy: meeting theCommunitarian challenge; Kennedy Institutional Ethics 4, 337-52.Johnstone M.J. (1995); Bioethics a nursing perspective; Australia, Harcourt Brace.O'Neill O. (2003); Some limits of informed consent; Journal of Medical Ethics

Defending the Innocent

1106 words - 5 pages innocent against their will. By not giving informed consent, the actions by Farber at that time were highly unethical as there was no assurance of the results of his experiments. Later on, in the lives of the majority, happiness is maximized because Farber did end up. However, at the time, it is highly unethical and erroneous for anyone, utilitarian or not, to refuse informed consent to innocent people and put them at harms risk with the

Ethical Principles of Clinical Studies

1152 words - 5 pages contradict the deontological universal law that one should not refuse assistance to those in need. In the case of research studies using human subjects, “respect for persons demands that subjects enter into research voluntarily and with adequate information” (5). This emphasizes the need for informed consent, as individuals must be able to decide what happens to them. Informed consent consists of three different components: information, comprehension

Improving Effectiveness of Informed Consent Process

2199 words - 9 pages Informed consent has been preserved as a sacred value since medicine started caring for the sick and it is still upheld today as a critical component of clinical research. Ensuring voluntary participation through an informed decision-making process in clinical research continues to be an ethical and moral obligation of the study team, quite often the study nurses. Over time these forms have reached a degree of unreasonableness; exceeding

Similar Essays

Human Guinea Pigs Essay

2281 words - 10 pages to the oppression of their proclaimed superiors, the unchained population. The use of prisoner’s for medical research has gone from something that has been considered adequate to something that is unacceptable and inhumane. The use of prisoner’s for medical research is absolutely cold-hearted. To force anyone to be experimented for medical research without his or her informed consent is both illegal and immoral. Medical ethics requires doctors or

He La Research & Synthesis Essay

1444 words - 6 pages of many experiments that have violated the code. The Nuremberg Code was created to protect research subjects during studies. The HeLa experiments are studies that used cells from Henrietta Lacks, a poor patient at Hopkins hospital was being treated for cervical cancer, and her cells were taken without her consent because her cells were considered to be immortal." Rita Martinez said this in her article "Ethics of Informed Consent and the Legacy

Informed Consent In Canada Essay

1753 words - 7 pages Overview:In Canada that health-care practitioners, including dentists, have an ethical and legal duty to ensure that the informed consent of patients is obtained prior to the provision of health-care treatment. Informed consent is a legal term. According to the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario, "The patient's decision to consent to (or refuse) treatment must be informed; that is, the patient must receive information about the nature

Ethics Codes Analysis Paper

1556 words - 6 pages differ in approach and function. This paper will evaluate, compare and contrast the similarities and dissimilarities of the codes in the areas of informed consent, competence of the counselor, and the counselor's relationship to society.Ethics Codes Analysis PaperOne of the intentions of the both the 2005 American Counseling Association Code of Ethics (ACA) and the 2004 American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC) is to serve as an ethical