A spinal cord injury is caused by trauma to the spinal cord that results in complete or incomplete paralysis. A complete spinal cord injury is when the spinal cord is completely severed causing a person to never be able to walk again. An incomplete spinal cord injury is when the spinal cord is still intact, but has trauma to an area from a foreign object or bone compressing against the cord without transecting it. Incomplete spinal cord injury victims have a little hope to be able to walk again. The effect a spinal cord injury has on a person depends on the level of injury of the spine, which are the cervical, thoratic, and lumbar spine level.
An injury to the cervical spine is the most severe and worst one of the three. This is because a cervical spinal injury results in paralysis from the neck on down disabling a person to move all four limbs, this is also called quadriplegia. It is ...view middle of the document...
Another place one`s spine can become injured is on the thoracic area of the spine. It consists of T1-T12 vertebrae. This part of the spine runs down the chest area. Trauma to this area results in paraplegia. An injured person will be able to move his or her arms, and feel up to their chest area if their injury is in the upper level like T1-T6. Paraplegias with trauma to the lower area like T7 and down will be paralyzed from the waist on down and none of the upper quads, limbs, or organs will be effected, so a venerator is not needed. The advantage of still having a normal upper body will allow him to be able to do physical activities on his own. He will be able to transfer himself to any low waist level surface that he wishes to sit on. He will also be able to rotate and do weight shifts to prevent bed sores. Paraplegias does not have a lot of medical problems, accept for maybe blood pressure medicine and emptying the bladder and bowel.
When a person injures his lumbar spine it is some point on the L1-L5 vertebrae. This type of spinal injury does not affect much of the body. A person own, by this injury will result in paralysis from the mid hips on down, some cases just the knees on down. This is also called paraplegia. When having a lumbar spinal cord injury a person`s bowel, bladder, and sex function is normal. These kind of paraplegia’s are able to adapt better and quicker because a smaller portion is paralyzed, and their upper body strength can make up for that. They are able to bare weight on their legs allowing them to stand and possibly walk briefly.
An injury to the spine has different effects on a person depending on the area of the spine and how serious the spine is injured. The higher the injury to the spine, the more body function a person will lose, the lower the damage to the spine less of the body function is impaired. Although each spinal cord injury is unique and the effects varies depends on the level of injury, one effect that is guaranteed no matter where the damage is; is not being able to walk at all, or not being able to walk as desired.