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Inside Confucianism Essay

1804 words - 8 pages

Confucianism tends to be categorized together with other specific religions such as Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, etc but essentially Confucianism is not an established religion. Fundamentally, Confucianism is more or less a philosophy that was developed for the political and spiritual life of East Asia. It has not only made a difference in politics but has also has great influence within education, society, and even families. This particular way of life is still practiced today as well as migrated to other areas of the world. In order to understand the influence Confucianism has on East Asia, it is pertinent to comprehend the central themes that revolve around it as a whole.
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He wanted to learn how to be a human and be able to teach this to others. According to Tu Wei-ming, “He was a teacher of humanity, a transmitter of culture, an interpreter of history, and a molder of the Chinese mind” . He was a true believer in learning and felt that learning was necessary to help a person build character. He developed a program for others to learn and also gave them an opportunity to become leaders. Confucius was known as an honorable teacher but was also recognized as a person who attempted to bring forth his humanist ideas to the government.
As important as Confucius is to Confucianism, he had a strong follower that is known as Mencius. According to history, it is said that Mencius was taught by one of Confucius’ grandsons. Mencius is said to have been one of the most important people in Confucianism due to the fact that he understood Confucius and his teachings. He was a firm believer in Confucius and continued teaching the Confucian way. Mencius also believed in highlighting the four virtues known as humanity (ren), rightness (yi), ritual (li), and wisdom (zhi). Essentially, he was convinced that people are good by nature. He felt that the heart and the mind would help each person understand nature and that by understanding nature everyone will know Heaven . Mencius is one of the important people known for teaching the Confucian Way within the first era of Confucianism.
During Confucius’ time, he developed five important visions that are known as the classical Confucian Way. These five visions are also known as the five classics. The first vision is known as the poetic vision, which is represented by Shin Ching or the Book of Poetry. Fundamentally, this vision refers to common human feelings. It is to be understood that a person is to respond the world in a poetic sense. People are meant to understand their feelings and themselves as an individual. The Book of Poetry consists of a numerous amount of poems as well as hymns that it is to refer to the expression of emotions of people and their communities from all levels of society. The second vision is known as the social vision, which is exemplified by Li Chi or known as the Book of Rites. This particular vision refers to human communication within a community, whether it is verbal or nonverbal. According to Tu Wei-ming, “The society organized by the four functional occupations—the scholar, farmer, artisan, and merchant—is, in the true sense of the word, a cooperation” . Essentially, this means that each person is to recognize others and provide good service within the community.
Historical vision is known as the third vision, which is represented by Ch’un-ch’iu or simply known as Spring and Autumn Annals. Basically, this particular vision refers to self-identification through the process of joint memories. Confucius found that a person was able to obtain self-knowledge through the sense of history. Collective memories are best formulated through...

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