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Insomnia And Alzheimer Disease Essay

2840 words - 11 pages

1. A possible condition for insomnia is Alzheimer disease (AD). There is a risk of circadian rhythm disruption in people that may possibly have AD, because this leads to an increase in beta-amyloid plaques in the brain. This is related to cognitive loss as AD progresses (Kang et al, 2009). AD has no definitive test. Blood and urine samples are tested so other medical cases are ruled out. Doctors usually do various tests based on patient’s memory and thinking and also check family backgrounds. If AD is suspected, the patient is made to undergo brain imaging, most likely a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This shows the degree of atrophy of the brain and is an accurate detector of AD (Giovanni et al, 2010).
A possible condition for nervousness is Depression, also referred to as clinical depression. While depression is a condition thought to be a state of low energy and nervousness a state of high energy, these two are more linked than expected. When you fidget or bite your fingernails (physical signs of nervousness), it is thought to be a depressing thing because, absence of control in one’s life adds to depression (, 2011). Depression is brought about by emotions like hopelessness and fear but nervousness is generated by the thought of the emotion. There are possible tests for Depression. Physical examination entails being checked for likely physical illness that may be the reason for depression. Mental examinations on behavior, mood, short-term memory, insight, place and person. Blood tests are also carried out to clear possible causes of depression for example serum cortisol and cortisol suppression test – to check for cushing syndrome (, 2011).
A possible condition for heart palpitation is perimenopause or menopause. For most women, during these stages , heart palpitation is most common. Heart palpitations usually take place after a hot flash, another symptom of menopause (Lund k, 2008). It occurs due to unstable changes in hormonal levels. Some women undergo anxiety and fear due to the fact that circulating levels of hormones such as progesterone and estrogen can influence a pounding heart directly (Mathews J.P, 2013). Doctors are able to tell when one is undergoing perimenopause or menopause by symptoms presented. Questions concerning your period and period dates are usually asked. For clarity, a Follicle-Stimulating Hormones (FSH) test is carried out. This involves measuring the chemical level of one’s FSH in the blood. If the level of one’s estrogen decreases, signals are sent to the pituitary gland to release more FSH causing the ovaries to make more estrogen. If FSH level is increasing, one could be undergoing estrogen(, 2009).

2. Melatonin, a hormone secreted by the pineal gland is in charge of the circadian rhythm or sleep-wake cycle in mammals. The GP checked melatonin levels because the patient complained of insomnia.

3. A value...

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