Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
As discussed in (Montana and Charnov, 2008, pp.238-239), human beings have various needs, which are grouped into a number levels that is the hierarchy of needs. Chiefly, this theory applies well for creative people, who oftentimes utilize their talents as well as capabilities and potentials. As pointed out in (Messmer 2011, pp.5-12), Maslow’s theory on hierarchy of needs is imperative in comprehending human motivation and related human behaviours. Specifically, each individual working in an organisation is motivated by different needs. Where a person’s basics needs are generally naturally occurring. According to Maslow, a person’s needs are arranged in a hierarchy. The hierarchy of needs consists of the following needs; on the lowest level are the biological as well as physiological needs, which are made of items like food and shelter along with other very basic items like clothing.
The second level of needs is the safety needs, where a person’s protection against all kinds of harmful things like law and insecurity feature. Third is the belongingness together with love needs, which encompasses interactions in social settings like family, workplaces and others. Fourth is the esteem needs, which mainly touch on achievement, personal image as well as responsibility and status of a person. At the top most part of the hierarchy is the self actualisation needs, needs which relate to a person’s growth as well as fulfilment in life (Montana and Charnov, 2008, pp.238-239).
These needs should be met in turns, where the lowest level needs, which are the biological along with physiological needs, are addressed first before moving to higher level needs. By the same token, when low level needs are not sufficiently addressed, there is no way one can be motivated by higher needs. In this respect, basic needs such as take a high priority. Maslow points out that, people have various wants and are always seeking means of meeting these wants. However, with low level needs being not only immediate, but they are also urgent. Such needs are a primal source as well as direction for an individual’s goal. In the event that they are not met, a person becomes uncomfortable, causing them to carry personal issues to workplaces. Also, higher level needs will become motivators, on condition that lower level needs have been sufficiently met. In case, lower level needs are not adequately met, then they are more likely to prevail over unmet higher level needs, and have to be adequately met before an individual can aim for high level needs (Montana and Charnov, 2008, pp.238-239).
Basically, the theory outlines that business establishments have a responsibility to create an enabling work environment, an environment which will encourage all its employees to not only fulfil their personal potentials, but also meet organisational goals. Certainly, Maslow’s theory is of great significance to leaders in business. This is because it enables them to...