Making institutional reform in the EU will always be controversial. The purpose of this paper is to discuss my view on which institutional reform I find being essential to improve the function of the European Union.
The first institutional reform I would like to start with is to strengthen the European Parliament. The Parliament is the only institution where people within each member state directly elect members, which makes it the most democratic institution within the EU.
Supranational fiscal union is another reform I consider to be important for the European Union. The role of the fiscal union would be to avoid further crisis and building up a stronger framework around the financial system in the European Union.
My third suggestion considers the European Commission, more specifically the Commission President. My concern for the Commission Presidency is the lack of gender equality. Since 1958 when Walter Hallstein became the first President of the Commission there hasn’t been any female President of the Commission.
Extending the power of the European Parliament
The European Parliament is the only EU institution where the members are democratically elected, which makes it the most democratic institution of the European Union. However it seems like the citizens of EU countries don’t have the same interests in European elections like they have for their national election. Where turnout has fallen from 63% in 1979 to 43% in 2009 and is lower than in national elections.
To my opinion it might lead to increased interest in European elections is by extending the power of the European Parliament. If people can actually see some improvements or actions made by their members, which were elected to do so, they are more likely to take active interest in the elections.
The European Parliament doesn’t have a formal legislative role. However the Treaty of the European Union introduced the right to request proposals from the Commission. And since the Lisbon Treaty the European Parliament has the co-decision power with the Council of Ministers.
By extending the power I think the European Parliament should have a formal legislative role by initiative legislation with the Commission, but not only the option to propose legislation.
I think that the European Parliament should have more powers and by having the legislative initiative would benefit the citizens of the EU.
Creation of a Fiscal Union
I believe that a supranational fiscal union is the next step, which the European Union should put in motion. Although the EU has fought the crisis quite well there are still things to overcome. Like I mentioned earlier the need for a stronger financial system and framework is greater than ever within the EU.
The Eurozone crisis has questioned the power of the Economic and Monetary Union to fix the problems facing the European Union. The power should be strengthened to ensure economic and...