This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Institutionalized Racism In Education Literature Review

2415 words - 10 pages

IntroductionCanada and the United States were both founded with a deep involvement of the exploitation, mistreatment and racism towards minorities, especially Aboriginal and African peoples. Although both countries have made great strides towards rectifying horrible mistakes of the past, there are still very serious and damaging issues that need to be addressed that include exclusion, discrimination, stereotyping and institutionalized racism (Ryan, 1998).Institutionalized Racism is defined by as the "process of purposely discriminating against certain groups of people through the use of biased laws or practices" ( This is often committed in subtle ways; however the effects of it are anything but subtle. Institutionalized racism is prevalent in nearly all segments of Western society; what is particularly disturbing to me is the institutionalized racism that goes on in our educational system. The educational system has a huge influence on the socialization of our young people. Make no mistake about it; there has been a war on racism raging for decades in our educational system and it is the responsibility of our educators to fight on the front lines against racist and stereotypical behaviors in order for our country to truly become free and multicultural. Studies and statistics indicate that we are losing this war and many of us are often perpetuating the stereotypes of minorities without even realizing it. It is imperative that we discontinue our ignorantly blissful view about this subject as if it doesn't exist and admit that we have a problem, look at it seriously to try to understand the root of it and implement new ideas and strategies to overcome racism and become a truly eclectic and harmonious society. This literature review will briefly cover the history of racism in Canada and the United States as well as the current situation in our educational system. I have researched several articles on this topic and feel that the information I have compiled is educational and relevant to the topic.A Brief HistoryRacial discrimination in Canada began around 1833 with the creation of schools in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick that were for black and white children separately; this was called segregation and lasted for decades. Around 1914, British Columbia imposed legislation that prohibited Chinese students from attending public school (Smith, 2005).The Law Society of British Columbia excluded Chinese, Japanese, South Asian and Aboriginals from becoming members until 1948 when the United Nations signed the human rights document. Even after that, Aboriginal people were forced to give up their status if they were to become members effectively stripping them of their identity and basic human rights (Smith, 2005).In the 1950's a social change was taking shape in the United States, which eventually lead to the Brown versus the Board of Education court case. A decision was made that effectively put an end to segregation in the...

Find Another Essay On Institutionalized Racism in Education - Literature Review

An investigation into the use of cooperative Learning Strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education among a group of grade nine students.-...

1215 words - 5 pages Literature Review Literature Review In the Elementary School Journal, 1987, Volume 88, no. 1 pp 21-22, Cooperative Learning is referred to as a " set of instructional methods in which students are encouraged or required to work together in heterogeneous groups on a given tasks." Cooperative learning methods may be simple as having students sit together to discuss or help each other with classroom tasks. Students placed in

Racism in Literature Essay

2588 words - 10 pages Literature Analysis Most literature authors write stories on different genres like poems, stories, and plays. These works are written using a variety of elements of literature for instance setting, themes, conflict, and characters. The following essay discusses the element of racism as a theme in Margaret Laurence’s short story “The Loons,” Langston Hughes’ poem, I Too, Sing America, and W.E.B Du Bois’ book, “The Souls of Black Folk

Racism in Relation to Education

2043 words - 8 pages There have been significant strides to deconstruct the explicit forms of racism such as segregation within education through historical instances such as Brown v. Board of Education, integration attempts post Jim Crow era, and a variety of others but there is a hesitation to talk about the roots of origination for this issue. Why is it easier to continue the negligence of race rather than address it, maybe even solve for inequality in privilege

Racism and Sexism in Education

1293 words - 5 pages Race, as defined in The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology, as involving the following issues: cultural differences between groups can be explained wholly by reference to genetic differences, and that social inequalities between ethnic groups are genetic in origin; the study of structures which produce and maintain racism and racial hatred; the study of the interaction between social class and ethnicity in social stratification, giving rise to both

Just-In-Time Literature Review

2675 words - 11 pages planning and control for JIT systems, the first paper that will be examined seeks to deepen our understanding of pull systems. Next, we will analyze the financial benefits brought about by JIT. Lastly, the third article seeks to examine the effects of Build-to-order and just-in-time on applied supply chain knowledge and market performance.2.0 Literature ReviewsConceptual articlesHopp and Spearman (2004) studied the concepts behind pull and lean

Racism and White Privilege in the Education System

3417 words - 14 pages succinctly, speaking not just about history teaching but about teaching for social justice and for the recognition of diverse privileges in general: “Your job as a teacher is to present (the students) with a wide spectrum of events and people…that might intrigue them.” (Zinn, 154-155) When we think of racism in the education system, we think back to the Civil Rights movement, when people black and white were pushing both for and against the

The Effect of Racism in Schools on Education

1441 words - 6 pages The Effect of Racism in Schools on Education I recent years there have been considerable interest in the educational performance of ethnic minorities. A number of studies have been carried on this issue, a common example is the government - sponsored Swann Committee report Education for all. This report carries out research on different aspect on educational performance, and one aspect that stands out form all is

Literature Review on the Integration of Technology in the Classroom

2242 words - 9 pages Literature review will be conducted to examine and critiqued previous research regarding integrating technology in the classroom. The number students that use or have access to technology on a daily base increases daily. Technology has reshaped our educational system, from integration in the classroom, collaborating with peers, and how test are administered to students. Integrating technology in our educational system can assist the special

Literary Review of Sexuality and Gender in Science Fiction Literature

3277 words - 13 pages Literary Review My argument is that SF literature offers a utopian hope for the future where individual differences are no longer criticized. To conduct this literature review I used multiple information sources to examine issues of gender and sexuality within science fiction literature. None of these sources claim to have produced a conclusive work on the interpretation of gender and sexuality in SF. Some of what I have read seems to be a

Literature Review on Behaviour modification strategies used in classrooms

2546 words - 10 pages provided as an input into the consultation and development process for quality assurance review. Sydney: NSW Department of School Education.Fink, J., & Siedentop, D. (1989). The development of routines, rules, and expectations at the start of the school year. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 8, 198-212.King, N. J., & Gullone, E. (1989). Acceptability of behavioural interventions: Child and caregiver perceptions. In R. Eisler & P

A literature review on patient transport in Intensive Care units

4856 words - 19 pages Abstract:BackgroundThis review of the current literature of the intra-hospital transport of critically ill patients addresses the type and incidence of adverse effects, risk factors and risk assessment. The review will explore the available information on efficiency and cost-effectiveness of transferring such patients for diagnostic or therapeutic interventions within the hospital. Methods and guidelines to prevent or reduce potential hazards

Similar Essays

Character Education Literature Review

1698 words - 7 pages more primary sources; author last names were searched in the EBSCO Host database. Relevant peer-reviewed articles, including research studies, were distinguished, evaluated and organized for use in the literature review. HISTORICAL OVERVIEW The root of character education in the United States extends back to Horace Mann in the 1840s who advocated that “character development was as important as academics in American schools” (USDE, 2011, para

Parental Involvement In Early Education: A Review Of The Literature

2282 words - 10 pages Parental Involvement in Early Education: A Review of the Literature Introduction A child’s first teacher is his or her mother and father. As a parent, involvement in the education process in the early years includes engaging the child through age appropriate games, regular reading, and simply interacting on a daily basis. A child that is engaged in this way are set up to develop into students who succeed academically. Once that child

Institutionalized Education In The Caribbean Essay

1564 words - 7 pages the Caribbean needs to employ effective measures within the education system which will meet the present needs of society. I believe that there are key aims which should be the focus of regional education. In considering what I think education should achieve, the term ‘education’ will be viewed in the context of formal schooling, that is, institutionalized education. Education in the institutional sense refers to one’s development as result of

An Investigation Into The Use Of Cooperative Learning Strategies To Foster Positive Social Behaviour And Satisfactory Academic Performance In Physical Education Among A Group Of Grade Nine Students. ...

1215 words - 5 pages Literature Review Literature Review In the Elementary School Journal, 1987, Volume 88, no. 1 pp 21-22, Cooperative Learning is referred to as a " set of instructional methods in which students are encouraged or required to work together in heterogeneous groups on a given tasks." Cooperative learning methods may be simple as having students sit together to discuss or help each other with classroom tasks. Students placed in