No two students are identical in their learning styles, methods or processes and thus differentiation in instructional techniques is a necessary tool in the teacher's skill set. Even as teachers need to be identify differences in learning styles and abilities, those we teach also need to be aware of the importance and diversity of each other. As with most classroom environments the learning abilities and styles are not homogenous in nature. This requires adjustment for those that are struggling to master the concepts presented. This can be done through both guided practice and independent practice.
For the purposes of this task the following learning objective is used for a high school level US history class: Learning Objective: Students will be able to describe, in a brief essay, at least five significant historical events surrounding the December 7th, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and its role in the entrance of the US into World War II.
Students will receive direct instruction through the use of class discussion, an online multimedia presentation, and video. The students will then, as guided practice, complete a time line of the events surrounding the attack on Pearl Harbor. For independent practice the students will be required to write a brief essay identifying at least five of the significant historical events surrounding the attack and their role in the entrance of the US in to World War II.
Students with Difficulties
For students needing additional assistance during guided practice, a partially completed timeline will be provided along with a guide as to where to find the information to complete the timeline. The teacher will also continue to monitor the work of all students and make other adjustments to instruction as needed.
For the independent practice students with difficulties will be given an outline of several events surrounding the attack which includes additional information about those events upon which they can expand to complete their essays. Additional assistance will be available from the teacher as needed to complete this assignment.
Advanced students will be expected to complete the timeline assignment but will be allowed to further their understanding of the events through locating pictures, recordings, and other accounts of the attack and its surrounding events.
In addition to completing the aforementioned essay, advanced students will be encouraged to compare and contrast the events of December 7th, 1941 to the September 11th 2001 World Trade Center attack and incorporate them into their essay.
During the course of instruction multiple methods can be used to monitor progress of students. Periodic reviews, observation during guided practice, probing questions, homework and quizing/testing.
It has been noted that effective teachers not only frequently use reviews and follow-up questions on a regular basis but also...