Safety is paramount in the construction industry. In order to keep employees and the public safe, the company must ensure that they are reminding and or teaching the employees safety on the jobsite. New employees who have experience in heavy equipment operation often times come from smaller companies and have not followed safety regulations put in place by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and our specific company. There are also a wide variety of employees who have no experience in this line of work and they have to learn the basics of safety in the construction industry. The following will describe how a safety class will be designed and prepared for the employees (students).
Student Learning Outcomes
Student learning outcomes are what students will come away with after their educational experience; examples of these outcomes that students should gain are knowledge, skills, and abilities (Fullerton College, 2012). One outcome that is expected from the class is what is required of them in the safety aspect. Students will learn what the company requires and what the government requires such as wearing a hard hat on all construction job sites. The next outcome of the safety class is to provide the students skills that they need to be safe on the job site. An example of a skill that they will learn is to get out of the machine with three points of contact while stepping down to prevent a fall or injury. The final outcome that the employees will learn is whether or not they have the ability to do the job safely. This could be physical ability or mental ability. They will discover whether or not they are able to do the job safely.
There are many different instructional strategies that can be chosen from when designing a class and some of the different instructional strategies and methods are direct instruction, interactive instruction, indirect instruction (Saskatoon Public Schools, 2009). Lecture, which is a direct instruction, would be appropriate for the audience of a safety class. An instructor can paint a clear picture as to why it is important to be safe and how employees can work safely. Drill and practice is another direct instruction strategy; this would be appropriate in the three points of contact discussed earlier. By practicing how to get in and out of the machine safely employees will be able to gain the skills they need and also they will figure out if they have the physical ability to perform the job safely. The final instructional strategy is in the form of a discussion which is an interactive instructional strategy. This is where the subject matter expert and the students can discuss what they have learned and the students can have their concerns or opinions addressed.
Many theories suggest that sequencing should be carried out in a simple to complex sequence (Culatta, 2013). When dealing...