Instructional Methods Essay

890 words - 4 pages

Science is regarded by many educators as a complex subject to teach, as it requires lengthy preparation and planning. Firstly, teachers need to know the abilities of their students well before embarking on drawing lessons plans for science subjects. Some of the main aspects that teachers need to find out include attention spans, interest and ability levels, prior learning knowledge and experiences, and special needs among others. Such information enables tutors to identify the most suitable content and materials to include in lesson plans (Hassard & Dias, 2013).
Secondly, teachers have to identify the goals and objectives that suit their science students and the expected outcomes of the lessons. The goals set when preparing science teaching plans may be broad in nature, but should at least relate directly to the skills and knowledge that instructors intend to impart to their students. The objectives, unlike goals, need to be specific and should reflect what the teachers want their students to achieve through the tasks they design for them in the learning process. Objectives set in science lessons are usually specific to performance and behavioral in nature (Martin, Sexton, & Franklin, 2009).
There are a number of instructional strategies that a teacher can use to support effective learning among students, especially when they are learning in groups. Inquiry-based learning is one of the instructional methods that a teacher can use to facilitate learning among student groups. Inquiry-based learning can be used to teach all science subjects, as it enables students to practice critical thinking and problem solving skills when looking for solutions. This method is extremely student-directed and student-centered and only requires teacher’s presence at the beginning of the learning process (Hassard & Dias, 2013).
Direct instruction is another instructional method commonly used by teachers to facilitate learning in group settings. The method involves lecturing and is considered one of the simplest strategies for instructing students. In the method, the teacher can cover more content within a short time. Unlike inquiry-based learning, it is impossible to adapt direct instruction oriented lessons to the educational needs of all students (Martin, Sexton, & Franklin, 2009).
Teachers can also apply the cooperative learning method to facilitate how their students study in groups. The method encourages grouping and organizing of facts to facilitate better and quicker understanding among the students. Using the method, teachers can effectively apply graphic organizers, story webs, mind maps, and other means of visualizing information to help students memorize facts and the entire content designed for them (Hassard & Dias, 2013).
Conclusion
Instructional methods used in teaching science should reflect on the objectives and goals students are expected to achieve. Since...

Find Another Essay On Instructional Methods

Instructional System Design for Human Factors for Maintenance and Inspections

2030 words - 9 pages retention of knowledge. This will actively engage the learners in the learning process and enable the interaction between the instructor and learner through dialogue, group discussion, problem-solving, and team learning. The framework will give the instructor the flexibility to change instructional strategy delivery methods from direct, indirect, interaction, facilitation, and role playing in the classroom. The instructional materials course

The Work of Robert Gagné Essay

1447 words - 6 pages different rates through different methods. Thus, the challenge of effective instruction is not only delivering the desired instruction, but in a way that learners of various background, skills, and experiences can take that learning into their personal world of knowledge and make it their own. By addressing the fundamental concern of instructional design and incorporating learning theories to support the process of learning, Robert Gagné's instructional

New Learning Opportunities for Adult Learners

1662 words - 7 pages computer multimedia instruction. We have looked at different methods and techniques for delivering instruction through the Web. We stressed caution must be exercised when designing instruction by integrating technology and learning theories. Finally, we concluded that instructional design models should be used as guidelines to develop effective web-based instruction, which target their creations to learners with a wide variety of learning styles

Integrating Technology Into the Classroom

506 words - 2 pages Lee (2009) study examined a classroom that employed extensive use of technology to determine the differences on standardized assessment scores among students who used computers extensively versus those who had limited computer use. Lee (2009) study found through the practice of instructional methods: 53% of teachers used computers as alternative to worksheets/workbooks, where as 53% of teachers use computers for activities such as reviews

instructional design

947 words - 4 pages be chosen from when designing a class and some of the different instructional strategies and methods are direct instruction, interactive instruction, indirect instruction (Saskatoon Public Schools, 2009). Lecture, which is a direct instruction, would be appropriate for the audience of a safety class. An instructor can paint a clear picture as to why it is important to be safe and how employees can work safely. Drill and practice is another direct

Student Work Analysis

1443 words - 6 pages Literacy Instruction Data Collection Tool This lesson observation data tool is for the observation and support of literacy instruction and learning. Any data collected is to be used for instructional planning, modification, and/or reflection upon instructional practices. Data collected is based upon observation of a single literacy lesson. Teacher: _________________________________ Date: _________________________________ Instructional

Overview of Different Methods of Instruction

2399 words - 10 pages This guidebook provides a brief summary regarding four instructional strategies. Each summary includes: (1) a description/summary of the strategy; (2) when, where, and why it would be a good strategy; 3) the strengths and the weaknesses of the strategy; 4) if you have used or seen it in practice; 5) if you would use it - when and when not. The four instructional methods selected for this assignment are lecture, field trips, case studies, and

Including Students with Special Needs

1014 words - 5 pages importance regarding the classroom environment: classroom management, classroom grouping, instructional materials, and instructional methods. Classroom management consists of not only the physical mechanics of one’s classroom but also the classroom routine, classroom climate, behavior management, and use of time in the classroom. As an instructor I will set concise guidelines at the beginning of the school year and continuously practice them. I

Direct or Inquiry Instruction? Finding the Balance to Maximize Motivation and Learning

2617 words - 10 pages current classroom application. Research comparing instructional methods often pits one technique against the other in hopes of determining a clear winner, however, such arguments do little to advance the field to a deeper understanding of how such techniques work separately to achieve similar goals. Often, contrasting perspectives of instruction have much to offer and the goal is to use the strengths of both techniques to work towards an

Faculty and Instruction at Community Colleges

1033 words - 4 pages , write the tests, select and present the media, and in general connect the students to the learning tasks. (p. 180) Instructional methods and academic support strategies include computer-based strategies for both face-to-face and online courses, collaborative learning, mastery learning, linked courses, supplemental instruction, competency-based instruction, learning communities, tutoring labs, and academic resource centers. Although new

From Tool to Vector: Why You Need to Reconsider Your Use of Technology

1392 words - 6 pages desired methods to be sequential, or at least prescribed. This was probably the nature of our needs as teachers (and not necessarily that of the students’). Time and instructional motivation are always a primary currency for educators and having expected processes (methods) helped me to maintain the momentum. We often found that my instructional planning was more a process of “frankenstein-ing” by conforming instructional tasks to expected outcomes

Similar Essays

Instructional Methods For Teaching Math To Students With Learning Disabilities

1525 words - 7 pages Instructional Methods for Teaching Math to Students with Learning Disabilities Introduction to Learning Disabilities Learning Disability is a recognized category under the Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA) 2004. Students identified as having a Learning Disability after undergoing an Initial Evaluation, are approved for the support of special education services. Under the IDEA all student, regardless of their disability, have the

The Systematic Design Processes And The Instructional Design

1127 words - 5 pages Clive Dym and Patrick Little; explain the systematic design processes and the instructional design. Instructional design Commonly known as the instructional systems design, is the inquiry of learning, education needs and methodical progression of instruction. Instructional designer occasionally employ the use of Instructional technology as a way for evolving instruction. Instructional design prototypes characteristically stipulate a technique

Class Expectations And Syllabus Essay

901 words - 4 pages into Practice? ACTIVITY 3 - Teacher Interview 1 (Form and Reflection)TEXTBOOK CHAPTER 2 - Hardware Basics 5. Technologies for Learning A. Instructional Technology B. Why Use Instructional Technology C. The Origins of Instructional Technology D. Instructional Methods and Instructional Media TEXTBOOK CHAPTER 3 - Software Basics QUIZ 2 - Chapter 2 and 3 MODULE 3 DESIGNING INSTRUCTION 6

Methods Used For Data Collection Essay

972 words - 4 pages methods and tools will be utilized in order to make revisions to the instructional product; thus, increasing the likelihood of success in classroom use. Instruments Used for Small Group Phase A similar sequence of events will occur in the small group instruction as occurred in the one-on-one evaluation phase. Throughout the instructional unit, students’ performance will be observed and assessed using a rubric (Appendix B). This rubric will aid