The Integrated health care is an approach of interdisciplinary of collaboration and communication among health professionals. The characteristic is unique because of the sharing information which in the team members and related to patient care to establishment of treatment whether biological, psychological, and social needs. The interdisciplinary health care team includes a diverse and variety group of members (e.g., specialist, nurses, psychologists, social workers, and physical therapists), depending on the needs of the patient for the best treatment to the patient care.
Consultant is defining a professional person who provides an expert advice in a particular area. A consultant is requested to help determine what treatment/services the client requires. A consultants also used their expertise to ensure that clients who require a particular type of knowledge or service (example:-a cardiologist for a client who had a myocardial infarction, a psychiatrist for a client whose risk for suicide needs to be assessed). Coordination of the consultant’s recommendations with other health care providers’ recommendations is necessary to protect the client from conflicting and potentially dangerous orders.
Collaboration with the Interdisciplinary Team
An interdisciplinary team is a group of health care professionals from different disciplines which they united to be as a team. Interdisciplinary teams are using they knowledge and skill to make decisions about clients with multiple problems. In this way of collaboration, a team allows to achieve the best result accomplishing if working alone. Key elements of collaboration include: The effective communication skills, mutual respect and trust also shared decision making is the important element in the collaboration. The knowledge of nursing care and holistic care to the patient that nurses can contribute. In this way the nurses should understanding of the client, her healthcare needs, and healthcare systems. There are three main term that covering different degree of collaboration of the team:-
Drinka (2000) defines the Interdisciplinary Health Care Team (IHCT) as "a group of...