Integrating Curriculum, NY
Integrating curriculum is important in the teaching of subjects and the learning of material. The integrating of curriculum allows for many different disciplines to be applied at the same time yielding more topics to be learned at once. But how does it work? The point of this paper is to answer the question how and to shed some light on the ideas of integrated curriculum.
In the integration of curriculum, teachers teach more than one subject area at the same time. Any number of disciplines can be taught together. Science lessons can be integrated with math lessons and language arts lessons by finding common areas in which all three tie together. For example, if a teacher would like to teach a lesson on ecosystems, he or she might have the students write in journals as a form of language arts, graph data collected and estimate to have math as part of their lesson, and do an experiment for the science portion.
According to Fogarty (1991), there are 10 models of curriculum integration which are fragmented, connected, nested, sequenced, shared, webbed, threaded, integrated, immersed, and networked. These models range in options from integrating one subject to many subjects in the mind of the student. Fragmented curriculum focuses on the traditional model of teaching separate and distinct disciplines, which fragments the subject areas. Connected curriculum connects subject areas by topic, concept, the relations of ideas, and one year’s work to the next. Nested curriculum targets different skills,such as social skills, thinking skills, and content-specific skills, within each subject. In a sequenced curriculum, topics or units are rearranged to coincide with each other. In a shared curriculum, shared planning and teaching take place in two different disciplines that overlap. In a webbed curriculum, themes are used to sift out the main idea, concepts and topics. In a threaded curriculum, thinking skills, social skills, multiple intelligences, technology, and study skills are threaded together throughout the disciplines. In an integrated curriculum, subjects are matched up by their overlapping topics and concepts. In an immersed curriculum, the learner filters all content through his or her ‘lens’ of expertise and becomes immersed in his or her own experiences. In a networked curriculum, the learner makes internal connections that lead to external networks.
Along with the integrating of the ordinary school subjects that students are supposed to learn, topics dealing with prevention can be infused into the curriculum, too. With the setting of problems in real life situations, the learner can understand everything going on from a real life perspective. Teaching through integrated curriculum allows for teachers to incorporate technology into the lessons, engaging their students even deeper into the topics they are learning while utilizing other subject areas in the lesson. Logs and journals kept of all of the...