This is David Entwistle 2nd edition book published in 2010 by Wipf and Stock in Oregon. Entwistle is a Christian and a licensed psychologist; he has affiliations with Molone University in Canton, Ohio serving as chair of the Psychology Department and has taught courses related to his licensed field. This book clearly is not written for any newcomers to religion. However, it was written for those interested in the integration of science and religion. The authors’ purpose for writing this book was to define the relationship between psychology and theology. There are three specific areas this book touched upon to help readers’ better approach psychology and Christianity in a personal and more professional manner: The context of philosophical issues and worldview, to help the readers become aware of assumptions or beliefs- making the reader a more critical evaluators, and to introduce and familiarize the reader with five paradigms for integrating psychology and theology.
To understand Entwistle’s method of work he starts out in the book by using psychology and theology metaphorically by comparing them to a “fork in the road.” No matter the discipline when it pertains to looking for the truth everyone eventually ends up searching for the same goal. Entwistle creatively compares and contrast the five paradigms given by different researchers and authors looking for his own explanation in which he does share with the readers- taking a combination of the useful models already explored in the book excluding anything that is against the thought of religion.
The reading focused mostly on the five models especially towards the last four chapters of the book and from all of the models it is transparent that the 5th model which is the Allies as Subjects of One Sovereign best demonstrates psychology and theology as a cohesive unit. Both are able to hold its own, but together makes the bonding of integration that much stronger. This model made the most sense not only because it does not go to combat with one another, but because it holds true to what the author states in his writing. The author states that integration is on many levels (Entwistle, 2010, p. 223). When looking at psychology on its own and then theology on its own, all the qualities that make up integration is not as noticeable as one would want it to be, but when you look and theology and psychology together it is quite noticeable. The book helps readers’ see the relationships between personal beliefs, learned-experience, and the way in which one approaches psychology.
As I read the chapters 2 which focused on the history of Christianity and science I noticed that it appears as if Christians were the first to reject the integration of religion and psychology reason for me making this statement projects from the following quote, “the net result was that the church had banished the evidence of empirical observation in favor of the canon of church dogma” (Entwistle,...