This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Intellectual Disabilities Essay

1761 words - 7 pages

Intellectual DisabilitiesThroughout the history of mankind it has been noted that no person is the same. Everybody is unique in their own way shape or form. However some people differ from the average humans from rare disorders or illnesses which separate them from living a normal life. Did you know one in five Americans experienced some sort of mental illness in 2010, according to a new report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration? About 5 percent of Americans have suffered from such severe mental illness that it interfered with day-to-day school, work or family. My mother who has mentoring an intergraded classroom for nearly 14 years as an early child hood educator has assisted many children who were diagnosed with many disorders and disabilities. There are many disabilities and they come in many forms that can affect the person physically, mentally, or even both depending on the type of disorder.An Intellectual disability, also known as mental retardation, is a term used when there are limits to a person's ability to learn at an expected level and function in daily life. Levels of intellectual disability vary greatly in children from a very slight problem to a very severe problem. Children with intellectual disability might have a hard time letting others know their wants and needs, and taking care of themselves. Intellectual disability could cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than other children of the same age. It could take longer for a child with intellectual disability to learn to speak, walk, dress, or eat without help, and they could have trouble learning in school. Intellectual disability can be caused by a problem that starts any time before a child turns 18 years old as well as even before birth. It can be caused by injury, disease, or a problem in the brain. For many children, the cause of their intellectual disability is unknown. Some of the most common known causes of an intellectual disability like Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, genetic conditions, birth defects, and infections all can occur before birth. Others happen while a baby is being born or soon after birth. Still other causes of intellectual disability do not occur until a child is older. With the alteration of the original term mental retardation to intellectually disable this changed the way the mentally ill were viewed. This term came to be in 2010 due to Obama's ratification of the Rosa's law which changed the reference of the mentally ill. Intellectual disabilities can be identified within a child in several ways such as observing their intellectual functioning. Their functions are measured through IQ tests. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age. Certain skills are important to adaptive behavior such as daily...

Find Another Essay On Intellectual Disabilities

Effective Teaching Strategies for Students with Intellectual Disabilities

902 words - 4 pages According to Heward (2009), students with intellectual disabilities have significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior. Learning, reasoning, and problem solving, as well as conceptual, social, and practical skills are all areas of difficulty for these students. While students with intellectual disabilities usually have poor memories, slow learning rates, attention problems, difficulty generalizing what they

Transition Planning for Adolescents with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

2249 words - 9 pages Transition planning is essential for helping individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities transition from high school to adulthood. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act [IDEA], 2004) requires transition planning for all students with disabilities beginning by age 14 (20 U.S.C. 1401(a)(19)). Transition planning includes a focus on activities as employment

Introduction to Special Education - NCU/ Special Education - Essay

953 words - 4 pages 1 Analyzing Learning and Intellectual Disabilities LaQuitta Robinson Northcentral University RobinsonLSE5000 2 Analyzing Learning and Intellectual Disabilities Part I Learning disabilities and intellectual disabilities can be broken down and described

Hey Girl Hey

651 words - 3 pages Most recent studies have shown that between 1-3 percent of Americans have intellectual disabilities. Many factors are involved with the cause of intellectual disabilities such as physical, genetic and social. A few common genetic conditions are Down Syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome and Prader-Will Syndrome. It is important for maternal mothers to understand that their health is critical to a child's intellectual development and for them to recognize

Role of the Disabled in Today's Society

1300 words - 6 pages children have been recognized as fundamental right under the Constitution of the United States. While these rights apply to parents with intellectual disabilities, their parental rights can be terminated solely upon the determination that a parent has an intellectual disability. People needed to be educated, developed acceptance, and give support. Laws that have been put into place by organization like the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA

Understanding Services for Developmental Disabilities

1202 words - 5 pages before someone turns 22 years old and causes a chronic life long or extended duration impairment. These disabilities, which may not be seen, can be physical, intellectual, neurological, psychiatric (or others), and the disability has a strong need for services or special care. (Developmental Disabilities Act, section 102[8]) What are Services? Developmental disability services come from someone outside your family unit who works in Human

The Paralympic Games

611 words - 3 pages The Paralympic Games is an international competition including participants with a variety of physical and intellectual disabilities. These disabilities include mobility disabilities, blindness, cerebral palsy, and amputations. The Paralympics give a person with disabilities the chance to demonstrate his or her abilities. Not only do the Paralympics benefit disabled people, but also non-disabled people who are observing. In my opinion, the

Where will the employment opportunities for people with disabilities be created in the coming years?

2831 words - 12 pages result people with disabilities also experience consistently higher poverty rates than people without disabilities. The Central Statistics Office publication on ‘Our Bill of Health’ based on the results of the 2011 census clearly illustrates a lower rate of employment for people with disabilities in Ireland (CSO, 2011). The majority of people with disabilities, particularly intellectual disabilities and mental health problems, continue to be

Special Education

1600 words - 6 pages disabilities is any disability that significantly limits a person's physical, mental or emotional performance, and requires ongoing extensive support in more than one major life activity in order to participate fully in education, community settings or work. According, to Heward (2009), severe disabilities includes, “students with significant disabilities in intellectual, physical, and/or social functioning, students that have multiple disabilities or

IDEA Essay

1031 words - 5 pages , learning and/or behavior problems, and children with superior intellectual abilities and/or special talents (Heward, 2014). Learning the terms of several related terms will help you better understand the concept of exceptionality. Heward (2014) stated that there are thirteen disability categories such as learning disabilities, speech or language impairment, intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, autism, multiple disabilities

The Christian View of the Disabled

641 words - 3 pages What does disability mean? We witness individuals that live their lives with specific challenges on a day-to-day basis, but we do not consider it part of life, until it becomes part of reality. People with disabilities have challenges because they either have an invisible, visible, sensory, mobility, or intellectual disability, which causes them to be distinguished as ‘different’ in the public eye. I will not be discussing disabilities, but

Similar Essays

Intellectual Disabilities Essay

635 words - 3 pages In reading chapter 8 on intellectual disabilities, I found that the field of intellectual disabilities has developed throughout the years. The term intellectual disabilities and mental retardation are used interchangeably. The term “mental retardation” is the federal definition used by IDEA, however many states today do not use the term. Many people do not use the term mental retardation because of its history. Long ago, students who were known

Eyewitnesses With Intellectual Disabilities Essay

1759 words - 8 pages received this assignment and had to research a topic involving false memories and present it, I chose an issue that I am very connected with, individuals with intellectual disabilities [ID]. Growing up I was a member of Friendship Circle it is a nonprofit organization that caters to children, teens, and young adults who have autism or are ‘special needs’ and immerse them in a range of Jewish and other social experiences. Being a volunteer and

Understanding Persons With Intellectual Disabilities Essay

1577 words - 6 pages It is important to understand the terms that are associated with intellectual disabilities. The first term is disability. Disability is an individual performing which includes physical, sensory, cognitive, intellectual mental illness impairments, and various types of chronic diseases. The next term involves intelligence. This term is the ability to think logically, reason out problems, prepare, understand difficult ideas, examine

Human Rights Of People With Intellectual Disabilities

863 words - 3 pages Introduction People with intellectual disabilities have faced discrimination, alienation and stigma for a very long time. History around the world is full of horrid episodes where the intellectual disabled have faced the worst treatments. Though some positive strides have been made in respect to their the rights, even today they face a myriad of challenges and are yet to fully access and exploit opportunities in the society. It is important