This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Intelligence Collection And Analysis

1209 words - 5 pages

Improving the Relationship

This paper will detail how I would explain to my policymaker what the psychological barriers are for intelligence collection and analysis. Next, I will provide an argument as to what types of rigors are needed to improve intelligence analysis making it more reliable. Finally, I will persuade the policymaker to support my argument in order to receive more funding in order to implement the type of improvements I have defined.
Policymakers need to understand that analysts face psychological obstacles in four key stages of the analytical process, which are making judgments, coordinating judgments, confronting organizational norms, and substantive judgments. (George and Bruce, 2008) When an analyst makes a judgment based on inconclusive evidence the probability that a surprise will occur increases. These judgments are made under some constraint that restricts the analyst from verifying or even receiving further evidence to collaborate or disprove the current judgment. (George and Bruce, 2008) When analysts coordinate judgments with other analysts and managers, other agendas and biases are introduced into the analysis. Analyst need to be informed of the organization’s expectations of the analysis. Substantive judgments occur when an analyst’s ethics force the analyst to ignore the agendas of the policymakers and to be write judgments based on the evidence. (George and Bruce, 2008) All these psychological obstacles to sound judgment are clouded by complexity, uncertainty, and secrecy. Cognitive biases are distortions in information processing created by worldview, ideology, or political preference. (George and Bruce, 2008) The mindset of the analyst is the accumulated knowledge of past behavior of the target, which is used to fill in gaps of the collection process during analysis. The more intimate an analyst is with the target the more likely they are to misjudge the collected information. Confirmation bias happens when an analyst reads into the information to support their mindset and disregards information that contradicts their judgment. The paradox of expertise is essential to anticipate normal events based on inconclusive evidence. Expertise also prevents imaginative explanation of the gaps from consideration. Analysts are blindsided when an anomaly in behavior happens that leads to a surprise. American trained rationalist analysts tend to fill in gaps that would make sense for American culture in the foreign assessments. (George and Bruce, 2008) When analysts work in groups, new issues such as group, boss, tribal and no think can occur. These groups of analysts are from diverse offices and can be influenced by a mindset of an analyst from within the group. Boss think occurs when a senior analyst oversimplify assumptions to fill in gaps in the collected information using their paradox of expertise. Tribal think occurs when an analyst tries to use an alternative explanation from the...

Find Another Essay On Intelligence Collection and Analysis

Data Collection Analysis: Interview with Brigadier General Wilma L. Vaught and Lieutenant Connell Marilla Cushman.

1685 words - 7 pages The topic of my group research is the history of women in service. For the data collection analysis, I interviewed Brigadier General Wilma L. Vaught, USAF (Retired). She is the President of the Board of Directors of the Women In Military Service For American Memorial Foundation, Inc., which was also one of my prime sources for the literature review. Lieutenant Connell Marilla Cushman USA (Retired) assisted her during the interview. Ms. Cushman

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act: Analysis, Pros and Cons

1779 words - 7 pages and the homeland. The Act provided new guidelines in a field not regularized by many governments. The government had seen unprecedented discordant collection and analysis of intelligence during the Cold War. Its amendments after the September 11th attacks further sought to assure the citizens that country would be more secure than before. The extensive introduction of the portions dealing in terrorist relayed the need to put terrorism at the top

The Analysis of the Intelligence of Individuals and Groups

1415 words - 6 pages The Analysis of the Intelligence of Individuals and Groups Much controversy surrounds the subject of intelligence. Intelligence tests were developed in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century to assess the intelligence of individuals and groups. However, criticisms quickly arose regarding tests due to results being used to justify discrimination between different groups and cultures. Theorists argued that the

An analysis to investigate the extent of the influence of environmental and genetic factors on intelligence

1281 words - 5 pages An analysis to investigate the extent of the influence of environmental and genetic factors on intelligenceWhat is intelligence? If this question is asked to many different people, the possible answers could be the level of understanding of complicated opinions, accustoming to the circumstances, learning and reasoning skills, capability of solving problems etc. There are a lot of definitions for intelligence; however no conceptualization has yet

Human Intelligence Collection

921 words - 4 pages indicators that can be converted into complete information with significant intelligence value. It is the result of overt collection that constitutes the context that should lead to consideration for clandestine operations. One of the IC’s biggest challenges is eliminating our government’s Cold War mentality: I worry that the U.S. still spends way too much on ineffective clandestine programs when it would be better served by investing those funds in more analysts and analysis instruments to improve the noesis of vast amounts information obtainable through overt collection.

Describe two different forms or methods of Intelligence Collection

1083 words - 4 pages The concept of Open Source intelligence (OSINT) has been placed in too high regard within the intelligence community and to the detriment of the value of other forms of collection, such as Signals Intelligence (SIGINT). While useful in the Analysis function of the intelligence cycle, OSINT, as it has become known, is not and should never be the only form of intelligence collected. In order to be of use in achieving a comparative advantage for

A Plan For a Complete Intelligence Collection Operation against North Korea

1580 words - 6 pages collection against North Korea and its nuclear program is to use our eyes in the sky. Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) needs to be applied on a regular basis, to track terrain changes around all presently known nuclear sites, and conduct analysis of potential new sites that may be used for this purpose (e.g. a new research and or enrichment facility close to the country’s uranium mines); infrared imaging should be used accordingly in order to

Intelligence Without Analysis is Only Information

2257 words - 9 pages – Intelligence. An easier way to understand this is by way of analogy. In this particular example, we can liken the statement assessed to a cooking recipe. Information is the collection of ingredients, analysis the cooking process, and Intelligence the final product, or the prepared dish. We therefore now know that the author of the statement meant that analysis and information, although separate entities, are necessary to understand

Open Source Intelligence

610 words - 2 pages Open sources have provided a useful stream of information for all source collection and analysis within the intelligence community. The use of open source information by the intelligence community is not a new phenomenon. During the technological boom of the 21st century open source has expanded well beyond its original capabilities. There is an important difference however between mere information and intelligence. Open source information

A critical summary of the concept of emotional intelligence

804 words - 3 pages intelligence, but rather a collection of multiple theories. Goleman and Emmerling 2003 argue that "while some might argue the goal of research should be to identify and define a single theoretical framework......another approach would be to acknowledge that having multiple theories can often serve to elucidate additional aspects of complex psychological constructs". However it was Mayer and Salovey 1990 that first used the term 'emotional

Methods to Strengthen the Chains of Inference

1740 words - 7 pages INTRODUCTION Structured responses to the limited capacity of both organisations and individuals to deal with ambiguity that is inherent to intelligence analysis are necessary to strengthen the ‘chains of inference’ or maximise the rigor of judgements. This essay will focus on overcoming cognitive and to a lesser extent, personal and organisational bias and limitations. Organisational issues that affect the quality of analysis such as analyst

Similar Essays

Data Collection Method And Analysis

1367 words - 5 pages Andersen, p. 12). Plan of Data Analysis Qualitative data collection techniques mostly aim at collecting knowledge about a specific problem which may elicit a problem during the translation of the texts obtained into a system dynamics. Some of the analysis techniques that can be used include; hermeneutics, discourse analysis, grounded theory, ethnographic decision models and content analysis. Hermeneutics involves using conversations and video tapes

Data Collection And Analysis: Questionnaire

1045 words - 4 pages Data Collection and Analysis Questionnaire The research carried on both quantitative approach and qualitative approach. It began with quantitative approach—questionnaire. Bryman and Bell (2003) asserted that mail or postal questionnaires are most popular forms of questionnaires. Another form—self-completion questionnaire was also common because of the overlap with postal questionnaire to some extent. The questionnaire was self

Part A: Data Collection, Presentation And Analysis

1576 words - 6 pages Part A: Data Collection, Presentation And Analysis Survey Results Many human features are controlled by a single pair of alleles, one dominant and one recessive, that are inherited in simple Mendelian fashion. To examine this further, a survey was done on two of basic human features. The two phenotypes chosen for the survey were hand clasping (left over right being dominant) and tongue rolling (where the ability to do so is dominant

Advantages And Challenges Of Data Analysis And Collection Methods

2322 words - 9 pages The following article tries to analyze and compare the research design, methods and the quantitative analysis used by two different papers. It tries to review the advantages and challenges of the methods used to collect and analyze the data. Introduction of the papers Ghoreishi F. S., Zahirrodine, A.R., Assarian, F., Gholam, S., Moosavi, A., & Mahrizi, M. Z. Z. (2014). Evaluation of Emotional Intelligence and Job Satisfaction in Employees of