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Intelligence Failures: 9/11 And Pearl Harbor

622 words - 2 pages

Throughout history there are multiple intelligence failures such as 9/11 and Pearl Harbor. These failures are due to intelligence collected which was either delayed or misdirected to the rest of the intelligence community. Both events had catastrophic consequences and yet these tragic events has allowed the intelligence community to develop better security like warning signals and combat readiness to protect the United States. Pearl Harbor is still considered one of the worst intelligence failure in the history of the United States to date. During the upcoming months before the attack the U.S Naval Fleet intercepted and deciphered vast amounts of encrypted messages from Japan’s Imperial Navy. Due to manpower and at the time Japan being perceived as not a threat intercepted messages were disregarded or were delayed in being read. “The United States did not perceive the Japanese ability to attack the United States Naval Fleet at all and thus to bring the U.S into war- a step in which logically appeared to be a gross strategic miscalculation, as it indeed was” (Grabo, 2004). But from this attack came a better understanding of warning intelligence and the beginning of the development of it.
In the beginning of the Cold War the “United States had very little SIGNIT intelligence, HUMINT or IMINT intelligence either. This was due to since overflights of Soviet territory were impossible” (Schindler). Because of this, this caused great delays in trying to infiltrate the Soviet Union and gather intelligence. HUMINT collection at that time was difficult because there was not much known about the Soviet Union and infiltrating Russia was difficult because the lack of intelligence this made is hard when it came o gathering HUMINT intelligence. Another issue the intelligence community ran into was HUMINT collectors were not equipped to understand other languages....

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